NATIONAL PANCHAYATI RAJ DAY
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Indian Government celebrates April 24 as National Panchayati Raj Day. The day is also called National Local Self Government Day.
- The first National Panchayati Raj Day was celebrated in 2010. Since then, the National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on April 24 every year in India.
- This annual celebration is done in order to commemorate the historic day on which the Constitution Act (73rd Amendment) passed in 1992.
- However, it came into existence a year later on April 24, 1993. Hence, each year to celebrate the inception of decentralised power National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated.
- Every year on this National Panchayati Raj Day Union Ministry of Panchayati Raj organises National Conference and awards best performing Gram Panchayats with ‘The Panchayat Shashakatikaran Puraskar/Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar’.
- But this year due to Coronavirus lockdown Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the Gram Panchayats via video conferencing and will launch the e-GramSwaraj Portal and Mobile App and the Swamitva Scheme.
Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019
- The Industrial Relations Code, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha. It seeks to replace three labour laws:
- The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
- The Trade Unions Act, 1926
- The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.
- Under the Code, seven or more members of a trade union can apply to register it.
- Trade unions that have a membership of at least 10% of the workers or 100 workers, whichever is less, will be registered.
- Further, the central or state government may recognise a trade union or a federation of trade unions as Central or State Trade Unions respectively.
- The Code provides for a negotiation union in an industrial establishment for negotiating with the employer.
- If there is only one trade union in an industrial establishment, then the employer is required to recognise such trade union as the sole negotiating union of the workers.
- In case of multiple trade unions, the trade union with the support of at least 75% of workers will be recognised as the negotiating union by the government.
- The Code defines lay-off as the inability of an employer, due to shortage of coal, power, or breakdown of machinery, from giving employment to a worker. It also provides for employers to terminate the services of a worker, i.e., retrenchment.
- Employers of industrial establishments with at least 100 workers are required to take prior permission of the central or state government before lay-off, retrenchment or closure of an establishment.
- The central or state government can modify this threshold number of workers by notification. Any person who contravenes this provision is punishable with a fine between Rs 1 lakh and Rs 10 lakh.
- The central or state governments may appoint conciliation officers to mediate and promote settlement of industrial disputes.
- These officers will investigate the dispute and hold conciliation proceedings to arrive at a fair and amicable settlement of the dispute.
- If no settlement is arrived at, then any party to the dispute can make an application to an Industrial Tribunal set up under the Code.
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