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Panchayati Raj - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Panchayati Raj


What’s in news?

Indian Government celebrates April 24 as National Panchayati Raj Day. The day is also called National Local Self Government Day.

Key data’s:

  • The first National Panchayati Raj Day was celebrated in 2010. Since then, the National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on April 24 every year in India.
  • This annual celebration is done in order to commemorate the historic day on which the Constitution Act (73rd Amendment) passed in 1992.
  • However, it came into existence a year later on April 24, 1993. Hence, each year to celebrate the inception of decentralised power National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated.
  • Every year on this National Panchayati Raj Day Union Ministry of Panchayati Raj organises National Conference and awards best performing Gram Panchayats with ‘The Panchayat Shashakatikaran Puraskar/Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar’.
  • But this year due to Coronavirus lockdown Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the Gram Panchayats via video conferencing and will launch the e-GramSwaraj Portal and Mobile App and the Swamitva Scheme.


Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019

  • The Industrial Relations Code, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha. It seeks to replace three labour laws:
    • The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
    • The Trade Unions Act, 1926
    • The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.
  • Under the Code, seven or more members of a trade union can apply to register it.
  • Trade unions that have a membership of at least 10% of the workers or 100 workers, whichever is less, will be registered.
  • Further, the central or state government may recognise a trade union or a federation of trade unions as Central or State Trade Unions respectively.
  • The Code provides for a negotiation union in an industrial establishment for negotiating with the employer.
  • If there is only one trade union in an industrial establishment, then the employer is required to recognise such trade union as the sole negotiating union of the workers.
  • In case of multiple trade unions, the trade union with the support of at least 75% of workers will be recognised as the negotiating union by the government.
  • The Code defines lay-off as the inability of an employer, due to shortage of coal, power, or breakdown of machinery, from giving employment to a worker. It also provides for employers to terminate the services of a worker, i.e., retrenchment.
  • Employers of industrial establishments with at least 100 workers are required to take prior permission of the central or state government before lay-off, retrenchment or closure of an establishment.
  • The central or state government can modify this threshold number of workers by notification. Any person who contravenes this provision is punishable with a fine between Rs 1 lakh and Rs 10 lakh.
  • The central or state governments may appoint conciliation officers to mediate and promote settlement of industrial disputes.
  • These officers will investigate the dispute and hold conciliation proceedings to arrive at a fair and amicable settlement of the dispute.
  • If no settlement is arrived at, then any party to the dispute can make an application to an Industrial Tribunal set up under the Code.

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