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Pakistan denies airspace - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Pakistan denies airspace


What’s in news?

Pakistan refused India’s request to allow President Ram Nath Kovind to use its airspace for his flight to Iceland.


  • Pakistan had fully closed its airspace in February after an Indian Air Force strike on a Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terror camp in Balakot.
  • The country opened its airspace for all flights except for New Delhi, Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur on March 27.
  • On May 15, Pakistan extended its airspace ban for flights to India till May 30. It fully opened its airspace for all civilian traffic on July 16.
  • Pakistan allowed Sushma Swaraj to flyover.
  • Pakistan accepted India’s request for PM Modi to fly over, but he took a longer route.
  • Pakistan has already suspended its trade with India and stopped the train and bus services in protest to India’s August 5 decision to end Jammu and Kashmir’s special status.

Key data:

  • The decision was approved by Prime Minister Imran Khan in view of the tense situation in Kashmir
  • Khan’s government has been under pressure from the Opposition and some ministers to impose ban on India to use its airspace after India revoked special status of Kashmir.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind is scheduled to travel to Iceland, Switzerland and Slovenia on an official nine-day visit.



What’s in news?

Odisha recorded the maximum incidents of lightning and Uttar Pradesh recorded maximum deaths due to lightning during April – July 2019.

Key data’s:

  • The report named as “Mid-Monsoon 2019 Lightning Report”.
  • The report has been prepared by Climate Resilient Observing Systems Promotion Council (CROPC), a non-profit organisation that works closely with India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • It has been prepared by using IMD’s lightning forecasts including Nowcast, Indian Institute of Tropical Management-Pune’s lightning network data, NRSC and ISRO inputs.
  • This is for the first time, a report has mapped lightning strikes across the country, and the lives they have claimed. The report is part of an effort to create a database that can help develop an early warning system for lightning, spread awareness, and prevent deaths. 

Key findings of the report: 

  • Incidents: The report counted 65.55 lakh lightning strikes in India during the four-month period between April and July this year.
  • Of these 23.53 lakh (36 %) happened to be cloud-to-ground lightning, the kind that reaches the Earth. The other 41.04 lakh (64 %) were in-cloud lightning, which remains confined to the clouds in which it was formed.
  • Odisha recorded over 9 lakh incidents of lightning, the maximum for any state.
  • Deaths: Lightning strikes have caused at least 1,311 deaths in this four-month period. UP accounted for 224 of these deaths, followed by Bihar (170), Odisha (129) and Jharkhand (118).


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