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Painted stork - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Painted stork


Key data’s:

  • Painted stork is a large wader in the stork family.
  • WADER is defined as a bird which is along shorelines and Mudflats in search food over there for their survival.
  • It is also known as Shorebirds in Northern America.
  • IUCN: Near Threatened.


  • Plains of tropical Asia south of the Himalayas in the Indian subcontinent and extending into southeast Asia.
  • They won’t be able to live in the desert region, dense forests and the higher hill regions.
  • The stork prefers freshwater wetlands in all seasons.
  • It is not a migratory bird but it moves in a small distance within their range at the condition of weather, breeding & in search of food.

Physical characteristics: –

  • Height: 93–102 cm (36.5–40 in)
  • Wingspan: 150–160 cm (59–63 in)
  • Weight: 2–3.5 kg (4.4–7.7 lb).
  • Males and females appear alike but the males of a pair are usually larger than the female.



Key data’s:

  • IIP is an index that shows the performance of different industrial sectors of the Indian economy. 
  • It is estimated and published on a monthly basis by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO).
  • Importance: Policy framing by public agencies including the Government agencies/ departments including that in the Ministry of Finance, the Reserve Bank of India etc.,
  • The data is also used extensively by analysts, financial intermediaries and private companies for various purposes.
  • The IIP is basically divided into three sectors Mining, Manufacturing and Electricity
  • Following are the main changes brought in the new series of IIP:
    • Base year has been updated to 2011-12 by upgrading the item basket and weighting structure.
    • National Industrial Classification (NIC) 2008 has been adopted in the new series of IIP.
    • Items in the item basket are selected at NIC 3-digit level to increase representativeness.
    • Number of item groups has increased from 399 to 407out of which 149 are new/ emerging items.
    • Electricity generation from renewable energy sources has been included under the ‘Electricity’ sector.
    • Weights are rationalised to appropriately to reflect the actual value addition of each sector incorporating effects of subsidies.
    • New use-based classification has been adopted with following categorisation: (i) Primary goods, (ii) Capital goods, (iii) Infrastructure/ construction goods, (iv) Intermediate goods, (v) Consumer durables, and (vi) Consumer non-durables.
    • A review mechanism has been introduced through a Technical Review Committee.

Use-based classification of industries under Index of Industrial Production:

The industries are divided into six use-based sectors:

  1. Primary Goods,
  2. Capital Goods,
  3. Intermediate Goods,
  4. Infrastructure/ Construction goods,
  5. Consumer durables and
  6. Consumer nondurables.


Links to note:

1 Comment

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