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NTD Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
NTD Day

WORLD NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES DAY

What’s in news?

Every year January 30 is to be marked as World Neglected Tropical Diseases day.

Key data’s:

  • This is the first ever World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day.
  • The day was set aside by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to bring together civil society advocates, community leaders, global health experts and policymakers working across the diverse NTD landscape, and unify partners behind our common goal of defeating NTDs.
  • The day affords stakeholders an opportunity to mobilise greater attention, action and investment on priority issues, especially in countries and communities most directly affected by these diseases.
  • Theme/ slogan: #BeatNTDs. For good. For all.
  • January 30 is the anniversary of the 2012 London Declaration on NTDs, which did much to bring together policymakers across countries for the Roadmap for NTD Elimination by year 2020 and to encourage investment to commit to control and eliminate NTDs.
  • This year, the day will be used by WHO to launch new NTD goals to guide progress until 2030. The WHO has a vision of having ended the NTD epidemic by the year 2030 in line with the Sustainable Development Goal 3.3 target.

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs):

  • Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) refer to a diverse group of communicable diseases that prevail in tropical and subtropical conditions.
  • These are caused by pathogens such as bacteria, helminths, viruses and protozoa.
  • These diseases are found in 149 countries and threaten the lives of over 1,6 billion people worldwide.
  • They are mainly diseases that affect the poor. Populations living in poverty, without adequate sanitation and in close contact with infectious vectors and domestic animals and livestock are those worst affected.
  • Previously, these diseases have not been allocated adequate resources neither have they enjoyed political commitment.
  • This is now a thing of the past as in Zimbabwe and many other African countries there is now support from high offices and there is dedicated funding for their elimination.
  • One in five people worldwide is at risk of NTDs. In addition to deaths, these diseases blind, disable and disfigure people, affecting their livelihoods and for children the chances of staying in school, earning better livelihoods and being well accepted by their communities including families.
  • Neglected tropical diseases cost affected countries billions of dollars yearly in lost productivity and managing and treating the complications they cause to people living in endemic areas.

List of NTDs:

  • The following is a list of NTDs that the world is grappling with.
  • Buruli ulcer
  • Chagas disease
  • Dengue and Chikungunya
  • Guinea worm disease
  • Echinococcosis
  • Foodborne trematodiases
  • Human African trypanosomiasis
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Leprosy
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Mycetoma, chromoblastomycosis and other deep mycoses
  • Onchocerciasis
  • Rabies
  • Scabies and other ectoparasites
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Soil-transmitted helminth
  • Snakebite envenoming
  • Taeniasis/Cysticercosis
  • Trachoma

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/antivenom/

https://www.forbes.com/sites/madhukarpai/2020/01/29/record-funding-for-global-health-research-but-neglected-tropical-diseases-remain-neglected/#7dc545993c8e

https://www.herald.co.zw/zim-marks-world-neglected-tropical-diseases-day/

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