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Notifiable disease - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Notifiable disease

NOTIFIABLE DISEASE

What’s in news?

The South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) has initiated the work to notify malaria in the capital after the notification received from the Union Health Ministry.

What is notifiable disease?

  • A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. 
  • The OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) monitors specific animal diseases on a global scale.
  • The revised International Health Regulations 2005 broadens this scope and is no longer limited to the notification of specific diseases. 
  • Some of the notifiable diseases mentioned under Centre are,
    • Cholera, Diphtheria, Encephalitis, Leprosy, Meningitis, Pertussis (Whooping Cough), Plague, Tuberculosis, AIDS, Hepatitis, Measles, Yellow Fever, Malaria Dengue, Etc. 

Key data’s:

  • A month after Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan asked the Delhi government to make malaria and dengue notifiable diseases, the South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) has initiated the work to notify malaria in the capital.
  • The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks. 
  • The capital has witnessed a total of 108 cases of malaria till August 10, 2019.
  • The WHO’s International Health Regulations, 1969 require disease reporting to the WHO in order to help with its global surveillance and advisory role.
  • Making a disease legally notifiable by doctors and health professionals allows for intervention to control the spread of highly infectious diseases.
  • Any failure to report a notifiable disease is a criminal offence and the state government can take necessary actions against defaulters.
  • Every government hospital, private hospital, laboratories, and clinics will have to report cases of the disease to the government in a proper form within three days, or notify verbally via phone within 24 hours depending on the urgency of the situation. 

How it helps?

  • It helps the government keep track and formulate a plan for elimination and control.
  • In less infectious conditions, it improves information about the burden and distribution of disease.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/malaria/

https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/delhi-south-body-to-make-malaria-a-notifiable-disease-by-next-week-5902887/

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/notifiable-disease-malaria-who-notifies-a-disease-and-how-does-it-help-5906376/

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