What’s in news?
The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been announced.
- The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists William G Kaelin, Jr, Peter J Ratcliffe and Gregg L Semenza.
- This year 2019 is the 110th prize in the category that has been awarded since 1901.
- The trio will receive their prize from King Carl XVI Gustaf at a formal ceremony in Stockholm on December 10.
- They receiving the prize on the account of their discovery in “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability”.
- They established the basis for our understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function.
- Their research paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anaemia, cancer and many other diseases.
- A total of prize amount (9 Lakh 14 thousand US dollar) will be shared by these three. A prize may not be shared among more than three individuals but the prize can be awarded to an organization of more than three peoples.
About Nobel Prize:
- The prize was awarded annually to the laureates who made their contributions in the field of Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine since 1901 in Stockholm, Sweden.
- The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded according to the same principles as for the Nobel Prizes that have been.
- The prize is not awarded posthumously but if a person is awarded a prize and dies before receiving it, the prize may still be presented.
- The awardees were selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee which comprised of 5 members who were appointed by the Norwegian Parliament.
- The Norwegian Nobel Committee were headquarter at Oslo, Norway.
What it contains?
- The awardee receives a gold medal, a diploma (certificate) and a sum of money that has been decided by the Nobel Foundation.
- The gold medals made before 1980 were struck in 23-carat gold, and later in 18-carat green gold plated with a 24-carat gold coating.
- As of 2018, a total of 590 prizes were given to 935 laureates (27 organizations and 908 individuals).
Links to note: