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Nicotine - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Nicotine

NICOTINE SCHEDULED UNDER CLASS A

What’s in news?

The State government has amended the Karnataka Poisons (Possession and Sale) Rules 2015, notifying nictoine as Class A poison under the rules.

Key Data’s:

  • The rules were amended to strengthen enforcement of the ban on production and sale of electronic cigarettes.
  • A gazette notification was published last month and the new rules are now called the Karnataka Poisons (Possession and Sale) Rules 2019.
  • The ban was imposed after a report on e-cigarettes was submitted by the State Health Department.
  • The rules were mooted because the nicotine cartridges and e-cigarettes were illegally smuggled even the manufacturing and sale was banned in June 2016.
  • The ban — invoking sections of Drugs and Cosmetics Act and Food Safety Act — also ordered the suspension of all kinds of promotion of e-cigarettes, including online promotion.
  • Electronic cigarettes are small battery-operated devices that vaporize liquid nicotine to provide the same experience as smoking tobacco.
  • Misleading advertisement:
  • The manufacturers advertising the Electronic cigarettes as a way to cut down or cut out cigarette smoking altogether, and sold as aids to quit smoking.
  • With these wrongful advertisements, there is rising in popularity among non-smoking adolescents.

What experts says?

  • Smoking e-cigarettes, also called vaping, has been marketed as a safe alternative to tobacco cigarettes.
  • The experts say that, e-cigarettes encourage the younger generation to use conventional cigarettes. 
  • Another study by the researchers of University of Pennsylvania found that, a single e-cigarette can be harmful to the body’s blood vessels even when the vapor is entirely nicotine-free.
  • The Centers for Disease Controlannounced that it is opening an investigation into the health effects of smoking e-cigarettes, after nearly 100 teenagers in 14 states reported lung illnesses related to vaping.
  • E-cigarettes first appeared on the market in 2007 and in the years since, vaping among teens has skyrocketed. 
  • E-cigarette manufacturers misuse the clause of nicotine usage for their sale. The manufacturers use 36mg/ml of nicotine in the product which would not aid to help to quit smoking.
  • But the nicotine content in the regular cigarettes is in the range of 2 to 1.4 mg/ml.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/e-cigarettes/

https://www.wired.com/story/vaping-may-harm-your-blood-flow-even-without-nicotine/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/08/190820101601.htm

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/nicotine-is-now-a-class-a-poison-in-karnataka/article29167577.ece

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