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Naxalism - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore


What’s in news?

Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, in a written reply in Lok Sabha to a question regarding Naxal violence said that incidents of Naxal violence have continuously gone down in the period 2017-19.

Key data’s:

  • To combat the Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) menace in a holistic manner, the Government of India has formulated a National Policy and Action Plan, which envisages a multi-pronged approach comprising security, development and ensuring rights and entitlements of local communities etc.
  • Resolute implementation of National Policy and Action Plan has resulted in consistent decline in LWE violence and its geographical spread.

National Policy and Action Plan:

  • The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has been implementing the ‘National Policy and Action Plan’ since 2015.

Significant features:

  • Zero tolerance towards violence coupled with a big push to developmental activities so that benefits of development reached the poor and vulnerable in the affected areas.
  • MHA had categorized 106 districts in 10 states as Left-Wing Extremism affected.
  • These districts are covered under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme (SRE) of the MHA for the purpose of reimbursement of security related expenditure like transportation, communication, hiring of vehicles, stipend for surrendered Maoists, temporary infrastructure for forces etc to the states.
  • Out of 106 districts, 35 districts which accounted for 80-90 % of country-wide LWE violence were categorized as ‘Most Affected Districts’.
  • This categorization provided the basis for focused deployment of resources – both security and development related.
  • MHA undertook a comprehensive exercise in consultation with the States to review the affected districts in order to ensure that the deployment of resources is in sync with the changed ground reality.
  • Accordingly, 44 districts have been excluded and 08 new districts have been added to the list of SRE districts.
  • In order to counter Maoist efforts to expand their influence in the tribal areas at the tri-junction of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, three districts of Kerala have been included in the list of SRE Districts.
  • Despite the fact that there is hardly any violence in the new districts, the move is pre-emptive.
  • As a result of the exercise, 90 districts in 11 States will now be covered by the Scheme, down from 126. The list of ‘Most Affected Districts’ has been pruned to 30, down from 36. The revised categorization is a more realistic representation of the actual LWE scenario.

Links to note:

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