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National Unity Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
National Unity Day


What’s in news?

October 31 is celebrated as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas annually since 2014.

Key data’s:

  • The day is also known as “National Unity Day” to celebrate the birthday of Sardar Vallabhai Patel.
  • The day was introduced by the Government of India in 2014, which was officially announced by the Home Ministry of India and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Aim: To celebrate the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel in order to commemorate his contribution towards a united India.
  • The year 2019 marks his 144th birth anniversary.

Run for Unity:

A campaign inaugurated by the PM Modi, to spread awareness about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s contribution to Indian history.

Facts to know about Sardar Vallabhai Patel:

  • Life period:10.1875 – 15.12.1950
  • Born Place: Karamsand, Gujarat. 
  • Occupation: Barrister and Politician.
  • Also known as Iron Man of India or Bismarck of India, Patron Saint of India’s civil servants.
  • Finished his schoolings at the age of 22 and passed district pleader’s examination due to which he was able to practice law.
  • In August 1910, he went to London for further studies in law and returns in 1913.
  • In 1917, Sarder Patel joined the Indian Independence struggle after he met Mahatama Gandhi in 1917.
  • He served as the first Indian municipal commissioner of Ahmadabad from 1917 to 1924.
  • He became the President of Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee in 1920 and worked against alcoholism, untouchability, caste discrimination.
  • By supporting Mahatama Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement and switched to wearing only khadi clothes
  • Also, he was elected as a municipal president from 1924 to 1928.
  • Bardoli campaign: In 1928, he led the campaign in favor of peasants, farmers where he earned the title called “Sardar” (Means ‘leader’).
  • In 1931, he presided the Karachi session of the Indian National Congress.
  • He was the first chairman and founder of the Edward Memorial High School Borsad (E.M.H.S) now, it is known as Jhaverbhai Dajibhai Patel High School.
  • He encouraged Indians to sign a petition demanding Swaraj (self-rule) from Britain.
  • He represented India on the Partition Council after India got independence.
  • He earned the title, “Iron Man of India” by integrating 562 princely states in the country.
  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1991.

Other few honors:

  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial was set up at 1980.
  • National Unity Day was announced in the year 2014.
  • Sardar Sarovar dam was opened in the name of Sardar Patel in 2017. The planning and the construction were beginning three decades ago.
  • World’s tallest statue was unveiled as “The Statue of Unity” in 2018.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology was established at Surat.


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