NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY DAY:
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On May 11, “The National Technology Day” was celebrated. The History of the day is followed.
- The National Technology Day, observed on May 11 across India and the day also marks India’s progress in science and technology.
- The day was organized by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
- The theme was selected by “The Technology Development Board (TDB)” was set up and since 1999.
- 2019: Science for People and People for Science
- 2018: Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future.
- 2017: Technology for inclusive and sustainable growth.
- The day was celebrated to mark the anniversary of Pokhran nuclear test Shakti, also known as Operation Shakti.
- The National Technology Day was coined by late Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- The aim of the celebration is to highlight the achievements of our scientists and engineers in the field of science and technology.
- On this day, various events like Competitions, quizzes, lectures, interactive sessions and presentations of various aspects of science are managed globally are organized in different technical institutes and engineering colleges.
- The day highlights the important role of science in our daily lives and encourages students to embrace science as a career option.
- The day is considered as a symbol of pursuit for technological creativity, scientific inquiry and the conversion of that pursuit in the integration of society, industry and science.
History of this day:
- Operation Shakti:
- The first nuclear test Pokhran with a code named as ‘Smiling Buddha’ was carried out in May, 1974.
- On 11th of May, 1998, India victoriously test fired the nuclear missile – Shakti-I in an operation administered by late president and aerospace engineer Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
- Pokran II or Operation Shakti was initiated on 11th of May, 1998 with the detonation of two fission bombs and one fusion bomb.
- Two additional fission bombs were detonated on 13th of May, 1998 and the Government of India run by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the then Prime Minister shortly convened a press conference for the declaration of India as a full-fledged nuclear state.
- Trishul Missile:
- On 11th May, 1998, the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) also accomplished the last test-fire of the Trishul missile, which was then introduced into service by the Indian Air Force and Indian Army.
- A surface-to-air, quick-reaction, short-range missile, Trishul was a unit of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme of India
- To celebrate this success, every year, May 11 is being celebrated as “National Technology day”.
- Following this India became the sixth nuclear state of the world, which was not the sole thing India attained on that day.
- India’s foremost indigenous aircraft Hansa-3 was flown in Bengaluru when the nuclear tests were being organized in Rajasthan.
- It was developed by the National Aerospace Laboratories.