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National Statistics Office - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
National Statistics Office

NSO SURVEY ON HAND-WASHING

What’s in news?

A survey has been conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) on Hand-Washing culture in India.

Key data’s:

  • Conducted by: The survey has been conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO).
  • Report: This is the 76th round report by NSO.
  • LANCET report: The recent Lancet research report clearly says the virus stays alive in human stool for 11 days.  The Lancet studied this subject because Hand-washing with soap in rural areas is still a challenge, open disposal of child faeces is nearly 60 per cent and toilet access and usage is 80-85 per cent.
  • The survey, the results of which were made public in a report titled ‘Drinking Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Housing Condition’ in November 2019, covered 1,06,838 households (63,736 in rural areas and 43,102 in urban areas).
  • According to the survey, while members of most households (99 per cent) wash their hands before a meal, only those in 35.8 per cent households do so with “water and soap/detergent”.
  • While members of 56 per cent urban households reported washing their hands with water and soap before eating, only 25.3 per cent households in rural areas did so.
  • The percentage of households whose members practice hand washing ‘with water and soap/detergent’ before a meal was found to be lowest in Jharkhand (10.6 per cent) and the highest in Sikkim (87.1 per cent).
  • Then, there are households where people wash their hands before a meal, but not with water and soap/detergent.
  • About 60.4 per cent households — 69.9 per cent rural and 42.1 per cent urban — used only water to wash their hands before eating.
  • About 2.7 per cent households – 3.5 per cent rural, 1.3 per cent urban -used “water and ash/mud/sand etc.” to wash hands. There were about one per cent households that did not wash hands at all before a meal. 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/endemic-disease/

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/only-358-households-in-india-wash-hands-with-soap-before-a-meal-says-nss-report/article31171079.ece

https://indianexpress.com/article/coronavirus/coronavirus-india-homes-hygiene-hand-washing-6330240/

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