INDO-NEPAL EFORT NEEDED TO PREVENT GANGES BASIN FISH FROM LOSING GENETIC VARIABILITY
What’s in news?
- Indo-Nepal should take some effort needed to prevent Ganges Basin fish from losing genetic variability.
Ø “3rd National River Summit 2019” in Nepal organised by the Nepal River Conservation Trust and each edition was centred ‘on a river’.
Ø The previous editions were held;
· 2017 – At Kosi River in eastern Nepal
· 2018 – At Trishuli River in Central Nepal
Ø This year this summit was organised at the banks of the Karnali River in western Nepal.
Ø India and Nepal need to cooperate and collaborate on preserving the genetic uniqueness of fish found in the trans-boundary Ganga and its tributaries, which flow from Nepal into India and beyond. This is done also with the help of non-profits and fish breeders.
Ø As per National Wildlife Action Plan, the animals should release in the wild as per IUCN guidelines.
Ø Genetic variability is the ability, i.e. capability of a biological system – individual and population – that is changing over time. The base of the genetic variability is genetic variation of different biological systems in space. Genetic variability is a measure of the tendency of individual genotypes in a population to vary from one another, also. Variability is different from genetic diversity, which is the amount of variation seen in a particular population.
National Action Wildlife Plan:
Ø The third National Wildlife Action Plan for 2017-2031 was announced by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change on the day of inauguration of Global Wildlife Programme Conference (GWP).
Ø It was drafted by a 12 member committee headed by JC Kala, a former secretary to MoEFCC.
· The first action plan was released for 1983 – 2001.
· The second action plan was released for 2002 – 2016.
Some of the provisions of this plan is,
Ø The key focus areas of this plan include focus on wildlife health, reduction of human – wildlife conflict, conservation of marine ecosystem, conservation of coastal ecosystem and integration of climate change into wildlife planning.
- This is drafted with the concept of Climate change and its impact on wildlife for the first time.
- The drafted plan which, includes the actions to mitigate the climate change and adaption into the processes of wildlife management planning.
- The plan also addresses the shrinkage of habitats resulting in human – animal conflict, fragmentation issues and the issues of deterioration.
- Also calls for a people’s & Private sectors participation and contribution to the conservation of Wildlife and animals.