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Mujib - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore - upsc


What’s in news?

The birth centenary Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founder of Bangladesh is being celebrated across various parts of Bangladesh.

Key data’s:

  • Tributes: The leaders of the country (Bangladesh) pay paid tribute to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman – PM Sheikh Hasina, Speaker of Parliament, Chief Justice of Bangladesh, Ministers and other dignitaries in Dhaka.
  • Centenary year: The day (March 17) marks the beginning of the yearlong celebration of the birth centenary named ‘Mujib Barsho’ in Bangladesh and across the world.
  • Various events: The grand rally and other events scheduled on this day was cancelled due to Coronna threat.

Who is Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman?

  • Born date: Known as Bangabandhu, He was born on March 17, 1920 (2020 marks the centenary year) in Tungipara of Bengal in British India.
  • Died on: In an Assassination, he died on 15 August 1975.
  • Since his childhood days, he showed a potential of leadership.
  • After completing his UG degree in BA, he got himself admitted into the University of Dhaka after partition of India in 1947 to study law but could not complete it due to his expulsion from the University in early 1949 on the charge of ‘inciting the fourth-class employees’ in their agitation against the University authority’s indifference towards their legitimate demands. 
  • In 1940, when he was a student of Islamia College, he became politically active when he joined the All India Muslim Students Federation.
  • 6-point Autonomy plan: He outlined a 6-point autonomy plan, a movement in East Pakistan called for greater autonomy for East Pakistan.
  • Objective: The main objective of this plan is to realize the six demands put forward by a coalition of Bengali nationalist political parties in 1966, to end the perceived exploitation of East Pakistan by the West Pakistani rulers.
  • He is considered as Father of Bangladesh and he served as the First President and Second PM of Bangladesh under the new parliamentary system.
  • Four principles: These principles called as ‘Mujibism’. The new constitution proclaiming the four fundamental principles of “nationalism, secularism, democracy, and socialism“.
  • The government was criticized for denying constitutional recognition to indigenous minorities and human rights violations by its security forces, notably the National Defence Force para militia.

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