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Motor Vehicles - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Motor Vehicles


What’s in news?

The 2019 Motor Vehicle Bill has now been passed in both houses of the parliament and the Rajya Sabha has suggested three changes which will be taken up for review in the Lok Sabha.

Key data’s:

  • The 2019 Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill was recently passed in the Rajya Sabha and the upper house of the parliament has suggested three amendments to the bill.
  • The bill will be now sent again to the Lok Sabha for scrutiny and then sent to the President of India for final ratification.
  • The updated Motor Vehicles Act has been in coming a long time and is expected to make our roads safer with strict rules and hefty increase in penalties for traffic violations.
  • It was made in consultation with transport ministers from 18 states along with discussion with other standing committees.
  • Road Minister Gadkari pointed out that 30 per cent of the driving licenses in the country are bogus and a single person is able to acquire as many as four licenses. He said that roughly 1.5 lakh people are killed in road accidents every year in India.

Group of Transport Ministers (GoM):

  • Group of Transport Ministers (GoM) of States headed by Rajasthan Minister Yoonus Khan, the GoM had 18 State Transport Ministers.
  • Based on the recommendations of the GoM, the Road Transport and Highways Ministry had introduced the Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill, 2016, which was passed by the Lok Sabha in April 2017.
  • However, the Bill was pending in the Rajya Sabha and lapsed with the dissolution of the 16th Lok Sabha.

The important amendments are;

  1. Exponential Increase in Traffic Violation Penalties:

Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill looks to increase the traffic fines significantly. 

  • The rise in fines for;
  • No helmet – From ₹ 100 to ₹ 1000.
  • Using mobile phone while driving – From ₹ 500 to ₹ 5000.
  • Drunk and drive – From ₹ 2000 to ₹ 10000.

There are additions as well in terms of violations including not giving way to emergency services such as an ambulance will attract a fine of ₹ 10,000.

  1. Vehicle Fitness: Bill speaks about automated fitness tests for vehicles for determining the road worthiness of a particular vehicle.
  1. Vehicle Recall: The new bill has provisions that will allow the central government to issue recalls for all kinds of vehicles in case of a defect which causes harm to the user, environment and/or other road users.
  1. National Road Safety Board: To advise central and state governments on road safety, traffic management, licensing and even promoting new vehicle technology.
  1. Integrated transport system: The bill will also look at developing an integrated transport system from the National Transportation Policy. The integrated transport policy will ensure better last mile connectivity and rural transport.
  1. Vehicle Registration: The registration process for new vehicles will be made easier and even vehicle dealerships will be able to get new vehicles registered and there will be restrictions on temporary registrations.

A national registry for driving license namely, ‘Vahan’ and ‘Sarathi’ which is a platform, for driving licenses and vehicle registration.



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