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World Malaria Day – Shanmugam IAS Academy
Mosquito

WORLD MALARIA DAY

What’s in news?

World Malaria Day (WMD) is observed on April 25 every year.

Background:

  • The idea of World Malaria Day was developed from Africa Malaria Day.
  • The Africa Malaria day is basically an event that had been observed by African governments since 2001, first held in 2008.
  • In 2007 at the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organisation (WHO) proposed that Africa Malaria Day be changed to World Malaria Day.
  • It will help to identify the existence of malaria in the countries worldwide and will also help to bring awareness among people globally to fight against malaria disease.

Key data’s:

  • The day aimed at taking urgent action in the control of the deadly disease.
  • The theme of World Malaria Day 2020 is “Zero malaria starts with me.”
  • The World Malaria Day is marked to mobilize resources to control Malaria, to keep Malaria high on political agenda and to empower communities to prevent malaria

World Malaria Report:

  • The latest World Malaria Report released in December 2019 said there were 228 million malaria cases in 2018, down 3 million from 2017.
  • In 2018, an estimated 405,000 people died of malaria, down about 2.6% from 2017.
  • While African nations accounted for most cases as well as deaths, South Asia – including India – has one of the world’s highest malaria burdens.
  • According to the WHO, 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa plus India bore almost 85% of the global malaria burden in 2019.
  • Of them, only India reported any progress in reducing the number of malaria cases. (Interestingly, Algeria was declared malaria-free last year.)

Mosquito & Malaria:

  • Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable as well as curable.
  • There are thousands of mosquito species in the world that are vectors for diseases like dengue, filariasis, chikungunya, yellow fever, elephantiasis, Japanese encephalitis and brain fever.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/world-malaria-report/

https://www.indiatoday.in/information/story/world-malaria-day-2020-date-theme-history-facts-slogans-and-quotes-1670910-2020-04-25

https://theprint.in/science/world-malaria-day-why-a-disease-thousands-of-years-old-continues-to-kill/407384/


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