WORLD MALARIA DAY
What’s in news?
World Malaria Day (WMD) is observed on April 25 every year.
- The idea of World Malaria Day was developed from Africa Malaria Day.
- The Africa Malaria day is basically an event that had been observed by African governments since 2001, first held in 2008.
- In 2007 at the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organisation (WHO) proposed that Africa Malaria Day be changed to World Malaria Day.
- It will help to identify the existence of malaria in the countries worldwide and will also help to bring awareness among people globally to fight against malaria disease.
- The day aimed at taking urgent action in the control of the deadly disease.
- The theme of World Malaria Day 2020 is “Zero malaria starts with me.”
- The World Malaria Day is marked to mobilize resources to control Malaria, to keep Malaria high on political agenda and to empower communities to prevent malaria
World Malaria Report:
- The latest World Malaria Report released in December 2019 said there were 228 million malaria cases in 2018, down 3 million from 2017.
- In 2018, an estimated 405,000 people died of malaria, down about 2.6% from 2017.
- While African nations accounted for most cases as well as deaths, South Asia – including India – has one of the world’s highest malaria burdens.
- According to the WHO, 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa plus India bore almost 85% of the global malaria burden in 2019.
- Of them, only India reported any progress in reducing the number of malaria cases. (Interestingly, Algeria was declared malaria-free last year.)
Mosquito & Malaria:
- Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable as well as curable.
- There are thousands of mosquito species in the world that are vectors for diseases like dengue, filariasis, chikungunya, yellow fever, elephantiasis, Japanese encephalitis and brain fever.
Links to note: