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Mobile library - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Mobile library

MOBILE LIBRARY BUS SERVICE

What’s in news?

Culture and Tourism Minister, Prahlad Singh Patel on Wednesday initiated a mobile library bus service.

Key data’s:

  • The Mobile Library Bus service which aims to reach out to readers in Delhi, especially those in slums, resettlement colonies and rural areas.
  • The service was launched under the “Ghar-Ghar Dastak Ghar-Ghar Pustak” Scheme of the Delhi Public Library (DPL).
  • Totally, there were five bus introduced for the mobile library service, which aims to reach out to readers in Delhi, especially those in slums, resettlement colonies and rural areas.
  • The buses have been procured under CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) assistance from Airports Authority of India (AAI).
  • This Mobile Library Service bus motivates young students to develop reading habits during the launch.

 

RIGHT TO CONSULAR ACCESS

What’s in news?

Pakistan has “offered” India consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav, who has been in jail in Pakistan since March 2016. 

Key data’s:

  • After India’s win at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), Pakistan finally had to relent and announce consular access to Indian national Kulbhushan Jadhav at 3 pm.
  • The proposal from Pakistan comes with conditions. Pakistan wants one of their officer’s present in the meeting and also wants CCTV cameras installed as was the case when Jadhav’s family had met him.

Background:

  • The former Indian Navy officer was sentenced to death by a Pakistani military court on charges of espionage and terrorism
  • The Hague-based International Court of Justice (ICJ) had ordered on July 17 that Pakistan must undertake an “effective review and reconsideration” of Jadhav’s conviction and sentencing, and grant consular access to him without delay. 

Consular access:

  • Consular access simply means that a diplomat or an official will have a meeting with the prisoner who is in the custody of another country.
  • Usually, during the meeting, the diplomat will first confirm the identity of the person, and will then ask some basic questions — on how he/she is being treated in custody, and what he/she wants.
  • The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR) was framed in 1963, at the height of Cold War.
  • This was a time when “spies” from the US and USSR were caught in each other’s countries and across the world, and the idea was to ensure that they were not denied consular access.
  • All countries agreed to the principle, and more than 170 have ratified the Vienna Convention, making it one of the most universally recognised treaties in the world.
  • Under Article 36 of the VCCR, at the request of a detained foreign national, the consulate of the sending State must be notified of the detention “without delay”. 

 

Links to note;

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/icj/

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/pakistan-offers-consular-access-to-kulbhushan-jadhav-with-conditions-1576275-2019-08-02

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-icj-ordered-pak-has-offered-to-india-consular-access-to-kulbhushan-jadhav-5870727/

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