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Military medicine - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Military medicine

FIRST CONFERENCE ON MILITARY MEDICINE

What’s in news?

The first conference on military medicine for the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) member states will be held in India for two days started on September 12-13, 2019.

Key data’s;

  • The conference will be conducted by the Indian Armed Forces under the aegis of the Headquarters Integrated Defence Staff (HQ IDS).
  • The event was organized under “SCO Defence Cooperation Plan 2019-2020”.
  • Aim: To share best practices in the field of military medicine, capacities building and overcoming of common challenges.
  • Dialogue Partners: Nepal and Sri Lanka.
  • The Dialogue Partners will also be sending their delegations to participate in the Conference.
  • India becoming the member of SCO, this is the first military cooperation event hosted by India.
  • Before the conference, the heads of delegations to discuss areas of cooperation in the field of military medicine between SCO member states.
  • In the conference;
    • The Indian Armed Forces will also demonstrate the Rapid Action Medical Team and organize a visit for the delegates to the Army Research and Referral Hospital.
    • Deliberations will take place between military medicine experts of SCO member states on rendering combat medical support, humanitarian assistance during disasters, and measures to improve patient safety.

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO):

  • Established year: Its Predecessor established in 1996.
  • Predecessor:Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996.
  • Shanghai Five group was formed by signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai.
  • Members of Shanghai Five group: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.

Formation of SCO:

  • Established year: 2001
  • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.
  • Members of SCO:  China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • Recently India and Pakistan added in 2017 at a summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.
  • Observer states: Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, Mongolia
  • Dialogue partner: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey, Sri Lanka
  • The SCO charter, a statutory document was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
  • The charter outlines the organization’s goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.
  • Official language: Russian and Chinese
  • Also known as “Shangai pact”.
  • The aim of SCO is to establish cooperation between member nations on:
    • Security-related concerns
    • Resolving border issues
    • Military cooperation
    • Intelligence sharing
    • Countering terrorism
    • Countering American influence in Central Asia

Significance for India:

  • As it is considering as eastern counter-balance to NATO and as India is a member, will allow the country to push effective action in combating terrorism and on issues related to security.
  • With entry of India since, 2017, SCO is considering as largest populated organisation in the world. India’s entry into the group is expected to increase the group’s heft in regional geopolitics and trade negotiations while giving it a pan-Asian hue at the same.

 

Links to Note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/shanghai-cooperation-organization-joint-exercise/

https://www.theweek.in/wire-updates/national/2019/09/07/des21-sco-india-conference.html

http://www.uniindia.com/first-military-medicine-conference-for-sco-members-to-be-held-on-sep-12/india/news/1722010.html

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