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Measles cases - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Measles cases

MEASLES CASES ROSE 3 TIMES

What’s in news?

The World Health Organization has said that cases of measles are three times higher than last year.

Key data’s;

Every part of the world, is experiencing an increase in the number of cases of measles, WHO mentioned. This situation is except for America, where we have seen only a small number {1,215 measles cases since 1992}.

Reasons:

  1. Weak health systems – In absence of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine, it weakens the immune system of the body which allows the Virus to be hosted.
  2. Misinformation about vaccines – People falsely believe vaccines are unsafe.

Statistics data: 365,000 cases have been reported globally this year, the highest figure since 2006. It caused an estimated 109,000 deaths in 2017.

Outbreaks:

    • Democratic Republic of Congo – 155,460 cases
    • Madagascar             – 127,454 cases
    • Ukraine – 54,246 cases
  • 53 countries of Europe, 90,000 measles cases were recorded in the first half of this year, almost double the number of cases reported for all of 2018.
  • With this outbreak around the world, four European countries lost their “measles-free” status in 2018. The countries namely Albania, Czech Republic, Greece and Britain.
  • Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Russia accounted for 78% of cases in the first half of 2019, with 60% in Ukraine alone.
  • The disease spreads among the school going children because, their parents refuse to give their children the combined MMR vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella.

Measles:

  • Measles is a highly contagious airborne viral infection that causes fever, coughing and rashes. It can lead to other complications and even result in death. 
  • Measles is a vaccine-preventable disease that can kill or disable children.
  • Measles is considered endemic in 12 countries, including France and Germany.
  • symptoms: high fever, a runny nose, bloodshot eyes, and tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth, rash on the face and upper neck and gradually spreading downwards.
  • Spread: Measles is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth or throat of infected persons.
  • Prevention: Routine measles vaccination for children, combined with mass immunization campaigns in countries with low routine coverage, are key public health strategies to reduce global measles deaths.

Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP):

  • This was launched in 2012 by WHO is a formidable step towards providing equitable access to vaccines for people living in low-income countries.
  • Under GVAP, 194 countries came together to commit better healthcare for the world and with a promise for a disease-free future.

The government’s action:

The government vaccinating the children as school-based vaccination, high-risk vaccination of military recruits and health care workers.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/measles-report/

https://www.indiatoday.in/world/story/global-measles-who-1593036-2019-08-29

https://www.dw.com/en/who-dramatic-resurgence-in-measles-case-in-europe/a-50206759

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