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Martyrs Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Martyrs Day


What’s in news?

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi on Martyrs Day.

Key data’s:

  • Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas is observed on several dates in India to pay homage to the freedom fighters who have sacrificed their lives for their Motherland.
  • On 30 January 1948 Mahatma Gandhi, the father of Nation was assassinated at Gandhi Smriti in the Birla House.
  • In India, mainly on 2 dates, Martyr’s Day is observed and out of 15 nations, India is the one that celebrates Martyr’s Day every year.

Martyr’s Day:

  • On 30 January Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas is celebrated in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and on 23rd March also Martyr’s Day is celebrated to pay tribute to three extraordinary revolutionaries of India who were hanged to death by the British namely Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar.

Mahatma Gandhi:

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, and his full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
  • He was married at the age of 13 and went to England for his studies.
  • Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa in January 1915, at the request of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  • He was a prominent political and spiritual leader of the Indian Independence movement.
  • Mahatma Gandhi’s role in the Kheda, Champaran led the British to accept the demands.
  • He started the Non-Cooperation movement in 1920 and the famous Dandi March in 1930.
  • Several agitations are also led by Gandhiji with significant efforts. Therefore, India received independence in 1947.

January 30:

  • Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse in the Birla House during his evening prayers on 30 January, 1948.
  • Nathuram Godse was trying to justify his crime by holding Gandhiji and saying that he is responsible for the partition of the country and the killing of thousands during the freedom struggle.
  • He called Gandhiji a pretender and in no way felt guilty for his crime.
  • On 8th November, Godse was sentenced to death. So, on this day i.e. 30 January Bapu breathed his last and was martyred.
  • The Government of India announced the day as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day.

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