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Marine eels - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Marine eels

MARINE EELS DISCOVERED

What’s in news?

Two new species of marine eel were discovered and documented by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) in Odisha.

Key data’s:

  • The species of marine eel were discovered and documented by Estuarine Biology Regional Centre (EBRC) of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) at Gopalpur-on-sea in Odisha.
  • The species were caught at 2-metre deep waters in the south Andaman coast.

Short-brown moray eel:

  • One of them were named as “Gymnothorax andamanensesis”.
  • It is characterized as a short brown un-patterned moray eel. With this discovery, the number of un-patterned moray eel found was raised as three.
  • Till now, 10 species of short brown un-patterned moray eels have been discovered in the world, out of which three were found in Indian waters. 

White-spotted moray eel:

  • Another species of white-spotted moray eel was named as “Gymnothorax smithi”.
  • Previously, the species was discovered for the first time in 2011 from the 200m deep waters of Arabian sea. Later, few species were discovered from the southeastern Arabian Sea, off the Kerala coast.

Moray eels:

  • Eels have an elongated, snakelike body and vary in size and coloration.
  • Habitat: Freshwater habitats and saltwater habitats. The vast majority of species are strictly marine, never entering freshwater.
  • Feed: They feed on smaller fish, octopuses, squid, cuttlefish and crustaceans. 
  • Characteristics:
  • It has an excellent sense of smell.
  • They tend to be nocturnal and live in holes and caves.
  • Marine eels have a reputation as vicious hunters, but are usually harmless to humans if handled properly.
  • Will eat small fish and invertebrates.
  • It has Clear eyes and Healthy appetite.

 

VULNERABILITY ATLAS OF INDIA

What’s in news?

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched an e-course on ‘Vulnerability Atlas of India’. 

Key data’s:

  • This is offered by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs in collaboration of School of Planning & Architecture (SPA), New Delhi and Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC).
  • The registration to e-Course on Vulnerability Atlas of India will be through SPA’s website www.spa.ac.in.
  • It is a unique course that offers;
    • Awareness and understanding about natural hazards
    • Identify regions with high vulnerability with respect to various hazards like earthquakes, cyclones, landslides, floods, etc.
    • District-wise level of damage risks to the existing housing stocks
  • This tool will be for effective & efficient disaster mitigation & management in the field of Architecture, Civil Engineering, Urban & Regional Planning, Housing & Infrastructure Planning, Construction Engineering & Management and Building & Materials Research.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/khelo-india/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/two-new-species-of-eels-discovered/article29292101.ece

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/education/government-launches-e-course-to-create-awareness-about-natural-hazards/article29290029.ece

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