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LPG Cylinder – Shanmugam IAS Academy
LPG Cylinder


What’s in news?

  • A Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report mentioned the Risk of diversion of domestic cylinders for commercial use was noticed as 198,000 PMUY beneficiaries had an average annual consumption of more than 12 cylinders which seems improbable in view of their below-poverty-line status.

Key Data’s:

  • Revealed a mismatch between the names of 1.25 million beneficiaries and the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC-2011) data, based on which the beneficiaries were decided.
  • Similarly, 1.4 million beneficiaries consumed three to 41 refills in a month. Also, Indian oil corporation (IOCL) and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation in 344,000 instances issued two to 20 refills in a day to a PMUY beneficiary having single bottle connection, it highlighted.
  • A violation of safety norms was reported during the test check of 18,558 KYC records as pre-installation inspection report was not available in 2,531 cases (13.64 per cent). Similarly, installation certificates were not available in 2,367 cases (12.75 per cent).


  • The PMUY, popularly known as Ujjwala, is aimed at eliminating health hazards poor women face from indoor pollution by increasing their access to clean, smoke-free cooking fuel.
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), showed the government was able to reach 90% of the 80 million households it has targeted till March 2020 for free LPG connections. Illegal diversions of domestic-use cylinders for commercial purposes were a minuscule 0.25% of the total connections provided
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) was launched by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 1 May 2016 to distribute 50 million LPG connections to women of BPL families.
  • A budgetary allocation of ₹800 billion (US$12 billion) was made for the scheme. In the first year of its launch, the connections distributed were 22 million against the target of 15 million.
  • As of 23 October 2017, 30 million connections were distributed, 44% of which were given to families belonging to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The number crossed 58 million by December 2018.
  • In 2018 Union Budget of India, its scope was widened to include 80 million poor households. 21,000 awareness camps were conducted by oil marketing companies (OMC). The scheme led to an increase in LPG consumption by 56% in 2019 as compared to 2014.
  • The audit report recommended that Aadhaar numbers of all adult family members of existing as well as new beneficiaries should be entered into the PMUY system for detection and weeding out of more than one connection.


Links to note:

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