LONE WOLF ATTACKS
What’s in news?
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), issued a warning to the security forces regard possible “Lone Wolf” attacks by IS operatives.
- Based on the data of Central Intelligence Agencies, MHA issued a warning to the security forces across the country regard the possible “Lone Wolf” attacks by Islamic State (IS) operatives.
- The attacks were targeted on the high-risk dignitaries during the Republic Day celebrations in January next year.
- The notification was issued on November 1, overall security scenario in the country remained a cause for concern on account of threat emanating from Pakistan and the Afghanistan-Pakistan belt.
- The terror groups were receiving the financial/logistical assistance from Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). Also, they receive infrastructural assistance too.
Who is Lone wolf?
- An individual who prepares and commits violent acts alone, outside of any command structure and without material assistance from any group.
- In simple terms, a “lone wolf” is a terrorist who carry out attacks alone without having any direct contact with any organisation.
- The individual also known as lone actor, lone-actor terrorist.
National Investigation Agency (NIA):
- Established in 2009 and functions under the Home Affairs Ministry.
- Purpose: To combat terror in India.
- Aim: To be a complete professional investigative agency matching the best international standards.
- NIA acts as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.
- The Agency came into existence with the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Act 2008, after the Mumbai terror attack the same year.
- It maintains NIA Most Wanted list.
- Head: Director-General (an IPS officer).
National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill 2019:
- The Parliament has passed the bill which amends the NIA Act, 2008.
- The amendment allows the agency to investigate the following new offences as well as with counter-terrorism – Human trafficking, Counterfeit currency or bank notes related offences, Sale or manufacture of prohibited arms, Offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908, Cyberterrorism.
- NIA has the authority to investigate offences that are committed outside Indian territory.
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