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Lone wolf - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Lone wolf

LONE WOLF ATTACKS

What’s in news?

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), issued a warning to the security forces regard possible “Lone Wolf” attacks by IS operatives.

Key data’s:

  • Based on the data of Central Intelligence Agencies, MHA issued a warning to the security forces across the country regard the possible “Lone Wolf” attacks by Islamic State (IS) operatives.
  • The attacks were targeted on the high-risk dignitaries during the Republic Day celebrations in January next year.
  • The notification was issued on November 1, overall security scenario in the country remained a cause for concern on account of threat emanating from Pakistan and the Afghanistan-Pakistan belt.
  • The terror groups were receiving the financial/logistical assistance from Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). Also, they receive infrastructural assistance too.

Who is Lone wolf?

  • An individual who prepares and commits violent acts alone, outside of any command structure and without material assistance from any group.
  • In simple terms, a “lone wolf” is a terrorist who carry out attacks alone without having any direct contact with any organisation.
  • The individual also known as lone actor, lone-actor terrorist.

National Investigation Agency (NIA):

  • Established in 2009 and functions under the Home Affairs Ministry.
  • Purpose: To combat terror in India.
  • Aim: To be a complete professional investigative agency matching the best international standards.
  • NIA acts as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.
  • The Agency came into existence with the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Act 2008, after the Mumbai terror attack the same year.
  • It maintains NIA Most Wanted list.
  • Head: Director-General (an IPS officer).

National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill 2019:

  • The Parliament has passed the bill which amends the NIA Act, 2008.
  • The amendment allows the agency to investigate the following new offences as well as with counter-terrorism – Human trafficking, Counterfeit currency or bank notes related offences, Sale or manufacture of prohibited arms, Offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908, Cyberterrorism.
  • NIA has the authority to investigate offences that are committed outside Indian territory.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/terrorism/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/home-ministry-warns-of-lone-wolf-attacks-by-islamic-state-operatives/article29872667.ece

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