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Lal Bahadur Shastri - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Lal Bahadur Shastri


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Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri birth anniversary is celebrated on 2nd October.

Key data:

About Lal Bahadur Shastri:

Pre- independence:

  • Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October, 1904 at Mughalsarai, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
  • He was given the title “Shastri” meaning “Scholar” by Vidya Peeth as a part of his bachelor’s degree award.
  • He introduced a slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” and played a pivotal role in shaping India’s future.
  • He became a life member of the Servants of the People Society (Lok Sevak Mandal), founded by Lala Lajpat Rai.
  • There he started to work for the upliftment of backward classes, and later he became the President of that Society.
  • He participated in the non-cooperation movement and the Salt Satyagraha.

Post- independence:

  • He was the second Prime Minister of Independent India.
  • In 1961, he was appointed as Home Minister, and he appointed the Committee on Prevention of Corruption. He created the famous “Shastri Formula” which consisted of the language agitations in Assam and Punjab.
  • He promoted the White Revolution, a national campaign to increase milk production. He also promoted the Green Revolution, to increase the food production in India.
  • In 1964, he signed an agreement with the Sri Lankan Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, in concern with the status of Indian Tamils in Ceylon. This agreement is known as Srimavo-Shastri Pact.
  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna the India’s highest civilian award posthumously in 1966.
  • He signed Tashkent Declaration on 10 January, 1966 with the paksitan President, Muhammad Ayub Khan to end the 1965 war.
  • He suffered a heart attack while in Tashkent and passed away there.
  • His memorial in Delhi where he was cremated is called Vijay Ghat.
  • Also, on October 2, is the birthday of Our Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.



Links to note:–also-on-his-birth-anniversary&id=372371

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