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Khair-ul-Manazil mosque - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Khair-ul-Manazil mosque


What’s in news?

Construction near Purana Qila, Khair-ul-Manazil mosque and Sher Shah Gate in the Capital will now be regulated by heritage by-laws.

Key data’s:

  • National Monuments Authority member-secretary Navneet Soni said the by-laws drafted by NMA had been laid on the table of both Houses of Parliament.
  • The heritage by-laws will be insisting to Purana Qila, Khair-ul-Manazil, Sher Shah Gate.
  • The total number of heritage by-laws drafted under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010 in the country to five.
  • As per the by-law, no construction activity is allowed in a 100-metre radius of protected monuments, building work starting from 100 metres till 300 metres from such heritage structures are regulated by by-laws.
  • The by-laws for Purana Qila and Khair-ul-Manazil mosque and Sher Shah Gate restrict the height of buildings in the regulated area.

What is Heritage by-laws?

  • Government of India has amended the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites & Remains Act 1958 in year 2010 to include certain newer sub-sections. One of the major amendments is the provision of Heritage Byelaws for Prohibited and Regulated Area for each centrally protected monuments/sites. 

Khair-ul-Manazil mosque:

  • The mosque was built in 1591, and the name means “the most auspicious house”.
  • This mosque was built by Maham Anga who was Emperor Akbar’s wet nurse cum foster mother. 
  • It was built in New Delhi.
  • The gateway of the mosque was made by red sandstone following Mughal architecture, but the inside structure of the building was made in Delhi Sultanate pattern.
  • It represented as a leading example of mosque-cum-madrasa of early Mughal period.

Purana Qila: 

  • Purana Qila (Old Fort) is one of the oldest forts in Delhi. The site has been continuously inhabited for 2,500 years and remains dating from the pre-Mauryan period have been found.
  • The present citadel was begun in the time of Humayun and its construction continued under Sher Shah Suri.
  • The site is often identified with the site of Indraprastha, the capital of the kingdoms of the Pandavas from the Mahabharata.

Sher Shah Gate:

  • Located to the south of Khairu’l-Manazil-Masjid is said to be an entrance to the large city of Delhi that Sher Shah built in front of his fortress of Purana Qila.
  • The gate, mostly built with red sandstone but with use of local grey quartzite in its upper storey, is thus called the Lal Darwaza (red gate). 
  • Arcades were built from this gate into the city, which were provided with series of dwellings with frontage of a verandah, which may have been used for commercial establishments. Kabuli or Khuni–Darwaza (explained in the following section) is another gate on the fringes of Sher Shah’s city.
  • ASI has undertaken extensive conservation works of the gate and its surroundings at a cost of Rs7.5 million (US$150,000).


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