Notice: Undefined offset: 1 in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/visitors-online/visitors-online.php on line 425

Notice: Undefined offset: 2 in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/visitors-online/visitors-online.php on line 425
Keeladi excavation - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Keeladi excavation

KEELADI EXCAVATIONS

What’s in news?

The Tamil Nadu Archaeology Department (TNAD) has stated that the cultural deposits unearthed during excavations at Keeladi in Sivaganga district, Tamil Nadu could be safely dated to a period between 6th century BCE and 1st century CE.

Key data’s:

  • TNAD published a report entitled as, ‘Keeladi-An Urban Settlement of Sangam Age on the Banks of River Vaigai’.
  • The report was released by the Minister for Tamil Culture and Archaeology K. Pandiarajan.
  • For the first time the date has been officially announced by the TNAD.
  • The Sangam age is considered to be between 300BC and AD300. But the carbon dating of Keeladi artefacts, shown that, Sangam period could be dated between 600BC and AD100.
  • The collected samples at the depth of 353 cm and sent to Beta Analytic Lab, Miami, Florida, U.S., for carbon dating test goes back to 580 BCE.
  • With this result of fourth excavations, it is found that, second urbanization of Vaigai plains happened in Tamil Nadu around 6th century BCE as it happened in Gangetic plains.
  • First three excavations were undertaken by the Archaeological Survey of India.
  • The results suggest urbanization of Vaigai plains around 6th century BC just like in the Gangetic plains.
  • Skeletal fragments were sent to Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute in Pune. This finds, species such as;

cow/ox, buffalo, sheep, goat, nilgai, blackbuck, wild boar and peacock.

  • And these animals were predominantly used for agricultural purposes. But there was no trace of big animals like elephant.
  • For the first time a book on Keeladi has been brought out after it began excavation on the site in 2017.
  • The report also spelt the site as Keeladi as against the erstwhile widely used Keezhadi.
  • It said no object of worship was found at the site.

Tamil-Brahmi script:

  • The Keeladi findings push back the date of Tamil-Brahmi script to another century, i.e., 6th century BCE which clearly denotes the people belonging to this era attained literacy or learned the art of writing.
  • Fifty-six Tamil-Brahmi inscribed potsherds were recovered from the site of excavation conducted by the TNAD.
  • It is confirmed that water containers and cooking vessels were shaped out of locally available raw materials.

 

Keeladi excavation

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/excavations-in-kutch-shows-early-harappan-custom/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/keeladi-findings-traceable-to-6th-century-bce-report/article29461583.ece

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/carbon-dating-confirms-keeladi-3-centuries-older/articleshow/71209468.cms

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.