KAILASH MANSAROVAR YATRA
What’s in news?
China granted visas to Indian pilgrims undertaking the Kailash Mansarovar yatra, hours after Beijing expressed displeasure over India’s move to make Ladakh a new union territory.
- The government has revoked provisions of Article 370 which give special status to Jammu and Kashmir, and bifurcated the state into two union territories — Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
- China objected to India’s decision, for the creation of two Union Territories but India replied as it was internal matters of the country.
- Key data’s:
- With this background issue there were reports that the Chinese government delayed granting visas to a group of Indians.
Kailash Mansarovar Yatra (KMY):
- KMY is known for its religious importance, cultural significance and arduous nature.
- The annual pilgrimage holds religious importance for Hindus, Jains and Buddhists.
- The Yatra is organized by the government of India in close cooperation with the Government of the People’s Republic of China.
- Kailash Manasarovar Yatra 2019 is scheduled from 8th June to 8th September this year through two routes.
- Route 1 is through Lipulekh Pass, Uttarakhand.
- Route 2 is through Nathu La Pass, Sikkim.
- State Governments of Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Delhi, and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam Limited (KMVN) are other major Indian partners of the Ministry in organizing the Yatra.
- Ministry of External Affairs does not provide any subsidy or financial assistance to Yatris.
- Eligibility: An Indian citizen, holding a valid Indian passport, aged minimum 18 years and maximum 70 years as on 1st January of the year, is eligible to apply for the Yatra. Those who hold foreign nationalities are not eligible. OCI card holders are, therefore, ineligible.
- Mansarovar Lake is located at an altitude of 14,950 ft (4,558 m) is said to be the highest freshwater lake in the world. It is located in the Tibet Autonomous Region, China, 940 kilometres from Lhasa.
- The lake is revered a sacred place in four religions: Bön, Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism.
- To the west of it is Lake Rakshastal and to the north is Mount Kailash.
- Lake Manasarovar or Mapam Yumtso is the highest body of freshwater lake in the world, fed by the Kailash Glacier
- Nathu Lais a mountain pass in the Himalayas. It connects the Indian state of Sikkim with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.
- It is also one of the four officially agreed BPM (Border Personnel Meeting) points between the Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army of China for regular consultations and interactions between the two armies, which helps in defusing stand-offs.
- The four BPM are: Chushul in Ladakh, Nathu La in Sikkim, Bum La Pass in Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh, and Lipulekh Pass in Uttarakhand.
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