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Justice report - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Justice report


What’s in news?

Maharashtra has topped the list of 18 large-medium States in the overall first-ever ranking of Indian States on justice delivery.

Key data’s:

  • The India Justice Report 2019, a civil society study relying on government data since 2012 which focus on the on problems plaguing the justice system.
  • The report is an 18-month quantitative research prepared by Tata Trusts along with other partners like Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, etc.,
  • This is the first comprehensive analysis of India’s manpower and capacity for justice delivery which focused the three pillars – Police, Prisons and Judiciary.
  • Importance of the report:The ranking would encourage states to compete with one another for better governance.

Key findings of the report:

  • The findings of the report based on the basis of trends in human resources, workload, diversity and infrastructure using publicly available data and information obtained under the Right to Information Act.
  • The report has revealed that India spends 0.08% of its GDP on the judiciary alone.
  • Under-capacity and Gender imbalance plaguing these three pillars and a funding crunch affecting state services like free legal aid.
  • Maharashtra didn’t lead in any category but emerged top in overall performance.
  • Half of the 29 states only have made any effort to reduce vacancies in police, judiciary and prisons over a five year period.
  • Top performers in Justice delivery:
    • In large states – Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Punjab.
    • In smaller states – Goa, Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh.
  • Low performance in Justice delivery:
    • In large states – Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand.
    • In smaller states – Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Mizoram.
  • Women representation in;
    • Police – Only 7% in 2017. 
    • Prison staff – Only 10% in 2016.
    • High Courts and Subordinate Courts – Only 26.5% of judges.
  • Availing legal services:
    • 80% of the Indian population is eligible for free legal services but only 15 million have been able to avail its benefit since 1995.
    • The per capita spend on legal aid was just ₹0.75 in 2017-18.
  • Punjab was the only large state where police, prison and judiciary spending has increased faster than overall spending.
  • Punjab government has become mandatory to include women judges in the local administrations committee of district judges. Such steps will bridge the gender imbalance problems”.
  • There are 3 sitting women judges in the Supreme Court. This tells the changes are there but it consists the slow progress.


Links to note:

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