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Justice Geeta Mittal was today appointed as the Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court. She was the Acting Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. According to separate Law Ministry notification, Justice Rajendra Menon, the chief justice of the Patna High Court, has been posted as the new chief justice of the Delhi High Court. Justice MK Shah of the Gujarat High Court has been elevated as chief justice of the Patna High Court.

In a series of other appointments, Justice Kalpesh Satyendra Jhaveri, a judge of the Rajasthan High Court, has been elevated as the chief justice of the Orissa High Court. He replaces Justice Vineet Saran, who has been elevated to the Supreme Court.
Justice Annirudha Bose, a judge of the Calcutta High Court, has been elevated as the chief justice of the Jharkhand High Court.

Justice Vijaya K Tahilramani, a judge of the Bombay High Court, has been elevated as the chief justice of the Madras High Court. She succeeds Justice Indira Banerjee, who has been elevated to the apex court. Justice Hrishikesh Roy of the Kerala High Court has been elevated as its chief justice.

History of the J&K High Court

Prior to the establishment of High Court of Judicature, the Maharaja used to be the final authority in administration of justice. In 1889, the British Government asked Maharaja Partap Singh to appoint a Judicial Council that would exercise appellate powers both on civil and criminal side.

Subsequently, the Council was abolished and a Minister was designated as Judge of the High Court to decide judicial cases. In March 1928, the High Court of Judicature, comprising two judges and a CJ, was established by the Dogra monarchy.

On 10 September 1943, Letters Patent was conferred on the J&K High Court. In 1954, vide Constitution Application Order, the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India was extended to the State of J&K. Under Article 32 (2-A) of the Constitution of India, the State High Court was for the first time given power to issue writs for enforcement of the fundamental rights so far as they are applicable to the State of J&K.

In 1957, by the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution Act, an independent judicial body with the High Court of Judicature at the top was created by Prime Minister Bakhshi Ghulam Mohammad’s government.

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