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Sharks Closer To Extinction

IUCN Noted That Sharks Closer To Extinction

  • Of the 58 shark species, 17 are now facing extinction, the Shark Specialist Group of the International Union for the Conservation (IUCN) said in an update of the Red List of threatened animals and plants.
  • The Red List includes the shortfin mako whose cruising speed of 40 km/h makes it the fastest of all sharks.
  • Makos are highly prized for their flesh and fins, considered a delicacy in Chinese and other Asian culinary traditions.
  • Mexico has made a proposal to list the shortfin Mako on Appendix II of CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.
  • An Appendix II status would not ban fishing or trade but would regulate it.

CITES

  • CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments.
  • Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
  • All import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of species covered by the Convention has to be authorized through a licensing system.
  • According to the degree of protection they need, the species covered by CITES are listed in three Appendices.

Appendix I:

  • It includes species threatened with extinction.
  • Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.

Appendix II

  • It includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.

Appendix III

  • It contains species that are protected in at least one country, which has asked other CITES Parties for assistance in controlling the trade.

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

  • Its full legal name is International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
  • It is an international organisation working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources
  • Founded in 1948 in Fontainebleau, France.
  • HQ : Gland, Switzerland
  • It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, lobbying and education.
  • Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to gender equalitypoverty alleviation and sustainable business in its projects.
  • It publishes IUCN Red List which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide
  • IUCN has observer and consultative status at the United Nations
  • Both Governments and NGOs are its members.

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/iucn-threat-categories/

https://www.indiatoday.in/science/story/sharks-are-closer-to-extinction-than-feared-red-list-1484623-2019-03-23

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