Why in News?
- ISRO’s Microsat-R is the first mission of 2019 will put into space a 130-kg military imaging satellite.
- While , C-44 will be launched from the older First Launch Pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.
Launching observations of ISRO’s Microsat-R :
- The satellite is placed within 15 minutes after take-off in a polar orbit 274 km away from Earth.
- Moreover ,this is much lower than any of its civil Earth observation spacecraft .In addition to ISRO’s Microsat-R flies pole to pole and over the globe at between 400 km and 700 km.
About ISRO’s Microsat-R :
- Microsat-R and its payload come assembled from a handful of laboratories of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- It is meant for military use.
- The satellite was assembled outside and ISRO only interfaced it” with its own systems and the launch vehicle, just as it treats any customer satellite.
- Other details are yet to be released by ISRO.
About Kalamsat :
- Kalamsat is a communication satellite with a life span of two months.
- The nanosatellite is a 10cm cube weighing 1.2 kg.
- The satellite cost was about Rs 12 lakh Kalamsat will be the first to use the rocket’s fourth stage as an orbital platform.
- The fourth stage will be moved to higher circular orbit so as to establish an orbital platform for carrying out experiments.
- It is named after former Indian president Dr APJ Abdul Kalam and was built by an Indian high school student team, led by Rifath Sharook, an 18-year-old from the Tamil Nadu town of Pallapatti.
- It is the world’s lightest and first ever 3D-printed satellite.
About ISRO’s UNNATI Programme
• The UNNATI Programme is an ISRO initiative to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE+50).
• Meanwhile , UNNATI programme is planned to be conducted by U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC) of ISRO for 3 years in 3 batches and will target to benefit 90 officials from 45 countries.
• Each batch will be for 8-week duration and will comprise of theoretical course work on nanosatellite definition, utility, laws governing their impact on space debris, design drivers, reliability and quality assurance.
•In addition to , it will also include hands-on training on assembly, integration and testing of nanosatellites.
• The first batch of this programme began on January 17 with 32 participants from 18 countries.
Moreover , UNNATI is a capacity building programme on nanosatellite development.