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National Investigation agency – Shanmugam IAS Academy
Investigation agency


What’s in news?

The NIA has sent dozens of storage devices seized on the premises of suspected Islamic State sympathizers for analysis.

Key data’s:

  • The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has sent dozens of storage devices seized on the premises of suspected Islamic State sympathizers to the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing for analysis.
  • The devices include the Gadgets like laptops, external hard drives and mobile phones.
  • These devices were seized during the recent searches conducted in Tamil Nadu and Kerala based on the revelations made by the six IS sympathizers in custody.

National Investigation Agency (NIA):

  • NIA is a statutory body constituted under the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act, 2008 formed after 2008 Mumbai terror attack.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi and has 8 Branches in the following cities – Hyderabad, Guwahati, Kochi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Kolkata, Raipur and Jammu.
  • The agency deals the offences which;
    • affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of India, security of State, friendly relations with foreign States.
    • against atomic and nuclear facilities.
    • smuggling in High-Quality Counterfeit Indian Currency.
  • Ministry responsible: The NIA agency functions under the “Home Affairs Ministry”.
  • Head: It is headed by a Director-General (an IPS officer).
  • Aim: To become a professional investigating agency matching global standards.
  • Investigate the cases like;
    • The cases related to the terrorism within the country. It is not necessary to have the state’s permission for the investigation – It is also known as central counter-terrorism law enforcement agency in the country.
    • The cases related to terror offences, waging war against the country, offences on nuclear facilities, etc. 
  • For its investigation, new offences were added to the 2008 Act by the NIA (Amendment) Act 2019. The new offences added were;
    • Human trafficking
    • Counterfeit currency or bank notes related offences
    • Sale or manufacture of prohibited arms
    • Offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908
    • Cyberterrorism
    • Can investigate offences that are committed outside Indian territory subject to international treaties and domestic laws of other nations.
  • Special courts: The amendment also allows the central government to constitute Special Courts under Section 11 and 22 of the NIA Act 2008 to conduct trials of scheduled offences. The Special Courts have all powers of the court of sessions under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.


Links to note:

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