Notice: Undefined offset: 1 in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/visitors-online/visitors-online.php on line 425

Notice: Undefined offset: 2 in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/visitors-online/visitors-online.php on line 425
Internet shutdown - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Internet shutdown

INTERNET SHUTDOWN IN KASHMIR

What’s in news?

Internet was snapped on August 5 in Jammu and Kashmir following the revocation of the special status of the State under Article 370, since then, IT hubs in the Valley is struggling for survival.

Background:

Internet was snapped after Mehbooba Mufti’s tweets on the afternoon of august 5, hours after connectivity was suspended across the state.

Key data:

  • The future of IT sector workers in Kashmir Valley is in jeopardy because of the prolonged Internet shutdown.
  • Around 22,ooo persons are employed in around 500 IT firms.
  • Around 1200 work in seven companies in the industrial complex at Rangreth in Budgam district
  • The internet connection was never suspended in the IT hub even during the agitation and unrest in 2008, 2010 and 2016.
  • The department of telecommunication has strict security compliance norms for IT companies. They have to maintain a logbook of all URLs visited by them and their clients for 6 months.

Internet shut downs so far:

  • There have been 10 cases of internet suspensions due to various incidents in J&K valley in 2017. Recently, due to the killing of Amarnath Yatris in Kashmir, internet services were terminated as a precaution.
  • In Nagaland, mobile internet services were taken down multiple times from January 30th 2017, as clashes took place between urban local bodies and the state government over reservation in civic body elections.
  • Governments in the northern Indian states of Punjab and Haryana shut down citizens’ internet access and text messaging services just before a verdict was to be released on a high-profile rape case.
  • Similarly, due to unrest in Darjeeling over Gorkhaland agitation, web services were taken down.

Why does internet shutdown become a major cause of concern?

  • In the 21st century, the Internet has assumed an increasingly important place in our lives.
  • From banking to political speech, and from complex medical procedures to the purchase of basic necessities, important aspects of our economic, social, and cultural life now depend upon the Internet.
  • Many of the fundamental rights guaranteed by our Constitution — the freedom of speech and expression, the freedom of association, the freedom of trade — are exercised in significant part on the Internet.
  • But the growing importance of the Internet in personal life, as well as its growing use to challenge governmental authority, has led to a backlash, where governments attempted to control the Internet in case of any law and order issue.
  • The increasing number of government mandated shutdown of Internet access have with serious consequences both for civil rights, and for business.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/jammu-kashmir/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kashmir-valleys-it-hub-gasps-as-net-shutdown-continues/article29483967.ece

https://qz.com/india/1681333/jammu-and-kashmir-internet-mobile-services-have-been-shut-again/

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

WELCOME TO SHANMUGAM IAS ACADEMY

Shop Youtube