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International days - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
International days

DECEMBER 2 INTERNATIONAL DAYS

What’s in news?

  1. The National Pollution Control Day is being celebrated on December 2 every year.
  2. International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is being celebrated on this same day (December 2) every year.

Key data’s:

National Pollution Control Day:

  • Aim: To give the honor and memorialize the thousands of human beings who had lost their existence because of the Bhopal gas calamity. 
  • Because of the unintentional discharge of the poisonous chemical known as Methyl Isocyanate, on the night of 2nd and 3rd December in the year 1984, Bhopal gas tragedy was happened.
  • The chemicals were released from the Union Carbide Chemical Plant positioned in the city.
  • Objective: To make people aware, spread awareness in the industries that cause various pollution like water, air, soil, noise and affect the environment and obviously health.
  • Reason: The reason for the celebration is “to control the Industrial disaster and to reduce the level of pollution”.

Indian Government and various laws against Industrial Pollution:

  • Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974
  • Environment (Protection) Act of 1986 
  • Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules of1989
  • Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1989
  • The National Environment Tribunal Act 1995
  • Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 2000
  • Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules of 2001
  • Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules of 2000
  • Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000

 

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery:

  • The “Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others” was passed by the Assembly on 2nd December, 1949.
  • To celebrate this, the day (December 2) was designated as an “International Day for the Abolition of Slavery”.
  • International Year against Slavery and its Abolition – 2004.
  • Focus area: Eliminating present-day forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, child labour, forced marriage, and the pressurized recruitment of children for use in armed rivalry.

Statistical data:

  • As per ILO’s data – Over 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery.
  • Slavery is an umbrella term which includes forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, and human trafficking. 
  • More than 150 million children are subject to child labour, accounting for almost one in ten children around the world

Objective of this day:

  • To educate the public on issues of concern, to mobilize political will and resources to address global problems.
  • To celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/important-days/

https://www.un.org/en/events/slaveryabolitionday/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Day_for_the_Abolition_of_Slavery

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