DECEMBER 2 INTERNATIONAL DAYS
What’s in news?
- The National Pollution Control Day is being celebrated on December 2 every year.
- International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is being celebrated on this same day (December 2) every year.
National Pollution Control Day:
- Aim: To give the honor and memorialize the thousands of human beings who had lost their existence because of the Bhopal gas calamity.
- Because of the unintentional discharge of the poisonous chemical known as Methyl Isocyanate, on the night of 2nd and 3rd December in the year 1984, Bhopal gas tragedy was happened.
- The chemicals were released from the Union Carbide Chemical Plant positioned in the city.
- Objective: To make people aware, spread awareness in the industries that cause various pollution like water, air, soil, noise and affect the environment and obviously health.
- Reason: The reason for the celebration is “to control the Industrial disaster and to reduce the level of pollution”.
Indian Government and various laws against Industrial Pollution:
- Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974
- Environment (Protection) Act of 1986
- Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules of1989
- Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1989
- The National Environment Tribunal Act 1995
- Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 2000
- Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules of 2001
- Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules of 2000
- Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery:
- The “Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others” was passed by the Assembly on 2nd December, 1949.
- To celebrate this, the day (December 2) was designated as an “International Day for the Abolition of Slavery”.
- International Year against Slavery and its Abolition – 2004.
- Focus area: Eliminating present-day forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, child labour, forced marriage, and the pressurized recruitment of children for use in armed rivalry.
- As per ILO’s data – Over 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery.
- Slavery is an umbrella term which includes forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, and human trafficking.
- More than 150 million children are subject to child labour, accounting for almost one in ten children around the world
Objective of this day:
- To educate the public on issues of concern, to mobilize political will and resources to address global problems.
- To celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity.
Links to note: