UPSC: INTERNATIONAL ARYA MAHASAMMELAN-2018
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the International Arya Mahasammelan – 2018
Swami Dayanand Saraswati
- Dayanand Saraswati (12 February 1824 – 30 October 1883) was an Indian religious leader and founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic dharma.
- He was also a renowned scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit language.
- He was the first to give the call for Swaraj as “India for Indians” in 1876, a call later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak.
- Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in Hinduism at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies.
- Subsequently, the philosopher and President of India, S. Radhakrishnan called him one of the “makers of Modern India.
- He showed us the path of renaissance and self-pride.
- He was an intrepid warrior of social and spiritual reform.
- He took effective measures for educational and social reform especially for women empowerment and eradication of untouchability.
- Swami Dayanand Saraswati had worked for eradication of discrimination in society on the basis of caste, creed and sect and motivated everyone to become Arya – that is – the best.
- Arya Samaj is an Indian Hindu reform movement that promotes values and practices based on the belief in the infallible authority of the Vedas.
- The samaj was founded by the sannyasi (ascetic) Dayanand Saraswati on 10 April 1875.
- Members of the Arya Samaj believe in one God and reject the worship of idols.
- The Arya Samaj was established in Bombay on 7 April 1875 by Dayananda Saraswati (born “Mool Shankar” in Kathiawar, Gujarat 1824 – died Ajmer, 1883)