What’s in news?
Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) delivered the second Scorpene submarine ‘KHANDERI’ to the Indian Navy at an event held in Mumbai.
- INS `Khanderi’ is named after the wide snouted Sawfish, a deadly deep-sea predator of the Indian Ocean.
- The fully-automated submarine will be commissioned into the Indian Navy on September 28 at the Naval Dockyard by Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.
- The INS Khanderi is the reincarnation of the first submarine Khanderi which was commissioned into the Indian Navy in December 1968, and after twenty years of service was retired in October 1989.
- Mazagon Dock is building the submarines under a transfer of technology agreement with the Naval Group of France.
- Steel used in constructing the submarines was supplied by State-owned Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL).
Scorpene class submarines:
- Six Scorpene class submarines are being built under Project 75.
- They can undertake various types of missions i.e Anti-Surface warfare, Anti-Submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying, area surveillance
- The submarines are designed by French naval defence and energy group DCNS and manufactured by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDSL), Mumbai under a 2005 contract worth $3.75 billion.
Status of submarines:
- The first submarine named INS KALVARI was commissioned into the Indian Navy last September.
- The constructions of third Scorpene KARANJ, was started in 2018, and is currently undergoing the rigorous phase of sea trials.
- The fourth Scorpene, VELA was recently launched in May 2019, and is being prepared for sea trials.
- The remaining two submarines, VAGIR and VAGSHEER, are in various stages of outfitting. The last of the submarines will be delivered by 2022.
LION TAILED MACAQUE
- A world old monkey also known as the bruh, a smaller macaque when comparing with others.
- Habitat: Endemic to the Western Ghats of South India.
- IUCN Status: Endangered.
- Length: 42 to 61 cm
- Weight: Between 2 to 10 kg
- It is a diurnal animal, which actives at the daylight only.
- It spends a majority of its life in the upper canopy of tropical moist evergreen forests.
- They do not live, feed or travel through plantations.
- Threat: Habitat loss, their avoidance of human proximity.
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