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Initiatives for HCFC - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Initiatives for HCFC


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The article consists of Global initiatives taken to eliminate Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) emission.

Montreal Protocol:

  • It came into force in 1989 and has been ratified by 197 parties making it universally ratified protocol in UN history.
  • It seeks to cut the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) in order to protect the earth’s fragile ozone layer.
  • Aims at phase out HCFCs by 2030.
  • It is also highly successful international arrangement, as it has phased-out more than 95% of the ODS so far as per its main mandate in less than 30 years of its existence.

HCFC Phaseout Management Plan:

  • India being a Party to the Montreal Protocol and its amendments needs to phase-out Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) including HCFC as per the reduction schedule specified in the Protocol.
  • India launched Stage II of HCFCs Phase Out Management Plan (HPMP) for the 2017-23 period.

Indian HCFC phase- out plan 2:

  • Under HPMP-II, India has secured $44.1 million for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol for phasing out 8,190 metric tonnes or 769.49 ODP (Ozone Depleting Potential) tonne of HCFC consumption between 2017 to 2023, in order to meet the compliance targets under Montreal Protocol for 2020.
  • The phase out of HCFCs in the HPMP stage-II will be addressed through several technology conversions at a number of large, medium, small and micro enterprises in the polyurethane foam sector, a few large enterprises in the air conditioning manufacturing sector and activities in the refrigeration and air conditioning servicing sector.
  • India is committed to ensuring the smooth transition of these enterprises to new technologies and values the interest of SMEs most.
  • In the process, targeted technical assistance and awareness programmes will be implemented focused on SMEs during the HPMP stage-II to ensure timely and sustainable phase out of HCFCs.
  • Under HPMP-II, more than 400 enterprises, including over 300 micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the foam manufacturing sector and six large air-conditioning manufacturing enterprises will be supported for conversion from HCFCs to non-HCFC technologies.
  • The plan also provides for promotion of energy efficiency, development building codes integrating HCFC phase out issues, cold chain development with non-HCFC alternatives and development of standards for new non-ODS.
  • It also specifically focuses on the MSME sector in foam manufacturing. Adequate attention has also been given to synergize the refrigeration and servicing (RAC) sector trainings under HPMP II, with the Skill India Mission, in order to multiply the impact of skilling and training. According to estimates, nearly, 16,000 service technicians will be trained under HPMP-II.

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