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Infectious disease - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Infectious disease

RISING POPULATION CAN INCREASE INFECTIOUS DISEASES

What’s in news?

Rising population, can increase the emergence of infectious diseases, a new study revealed.

Key data’s:

  • According to a new research by University of Notre Dame in Indiana, US, use of chemicals in farming and genetic modification of crops will increase the rate of emergence of infectious diseases in the world.
  • The population of the world may increase by 11 bn by 2100.
  • It will push agriculture and animal husbandry sector to produce more.
  • This will increase the use of chemicals, which will make the rate of emergence of infections in humans to go up.
  • The study establishes a link between the “projected agricultural expansion and intensification will influence human infectious diseases and how human infectious diseases might likewise affect food production and distribution”.
  • With exploring how the population is increasing and agriculture will affect human diseases, we can prepare for and mitigate these effects.
  • Since 1940, agricultural drivers were associated with almost 50 per cent of zoonotic infectious diseases that emerged in humans. If the use of pesticides, fertilisers and antibiotics as growth promoters are not controlled the situation will worsen.
  • A similar study in 2017 by non-profit Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy had predicted that the use of antibiotics will increase by 82 per cent in India by 2030. Antibiotic powders and tablets are fed to animals to increase livestock production and nutritional level.
  • Regular use of antibiotics in animal feed promotes growth, giving them higher value, but this practice is contributing to building drug resistance in bacteria and affects health of the end-consumer.

Solutions suggested:

  • Improving hygiene at farm level.
  • Reducing overuse of antibiotics to promote the growth of farm animals could prove helpful.
  • In the case of poultry farming, they suggested that too many chickens should not be packed in one cage.
  • Creating the awareness among the people.

Important Links:

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/food/rising-population-can-increase-emergence-of-infectious-diseases-study-65603

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/indias-population-grew-at-1-2/

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