CHINESE VESSELS IN THE INDIAN OCEAN
What’s in news?
India is keenly watching China’s increasing presence in the Indian Ocean region.
- A Chinese vessel involved in spying activity in the Indian Oceanic region (exactly in the in the Exclusive Indian Economic Zone (EEZ)) was expelled, by the Indian Navy Warships.
- The Chinese vessel was located by a surveillance aircraft of the Indian Navy.
- Location: Near the Port Blair region in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
- Reason: The reason for the entry of Chinese vessel is to do the research purpose to the west of Port Blair.
- But the Indian and international laws do not allow any foreign countries to carry out research or exploration activities in their waters.
- By complying to this, the vessel was eliminated from India Waters.
- Andamans are considered to be strategic islands of the Indian side due to its location from where India can keep an eye on Indian Ocean region and Southeast Asia.
- With this, India keep watching the presence of Chinese vehicle in the Indian Oceanic Region.
- From Indian side;
- Indian Navy accusing the Chinese were spying – to monitor all underwater and surface vessels of the Indian Navy stationed in the region.
- P-8i surveillance aircraft of Indian Navy, was found seven such Chinese vessels in the recent past.
- The aircraft specialises in long-range maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare (LRMRASW) capabilities
Maritime laws in India:
The current maritime laws in India have developed from colonial times, such as
- The Territorial Waters Jurisdiction Act, 1878
- The Admiralty Offences (Colonial) Act, 1849
- The Coasting Vessels Act, 1838
- The Inland Steam Vessels Act, 1917
- The Indian Registration of Ships Act (1841) and its Amendment Act, 1850
- The Indian Registration of Ships Act, 1841
- The Indian Ports Act, 1908
- The Indian Merchant Shipping Act, 1923
- The Control of Shipping Act, 1947
- The Merchant Seamen (Litigation) Act, 1946
- The Merchant Shipping Laws (Extension to Acceding States and Amendment) Act, 1949 etc.
India’s objectives in the Indian Ocean Region:
- To spread its influence across the entire Indian Ocean Region, through trade and investment, diplomacy and strategic partnerships
- Upgrading relations with Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia; regions that hold mineral deposits and energy reserves critical to India’s economic development and great power aspirations
- Positioning itself to emerge as the dominant Indian Ocean power in the decades ahead
- Ensuring that China does not gain a significant strategic foothold in the region
- Strengthening influence and control over Indian Ocean choke points through security relationships with key littoral states such as Singapore, Mauritius and Oman.
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