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India France - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
India France

INDIA – FRANCE

What’s in news?

In France for the G7 Summit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron held marathon one-on-one meeting during which they reviewed the dynamic and multi-faceted relationship to further boost the strategic partnership. 

Key data:

  • Terror:  France backed the PM’s proposal to hold a global conference on terrorism. Both countries agreed to cooperate on online radicalisation.
  • Defence: The first of the 36 aircraft is likely to be delivered in the third week of September.
  • Nuclear: There will be progress in negotiations between NPCIL (Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited) and EDF for construction of six nuclear power reactors in Jaitapur, Maharashtra.
  • Space: Decision taken to train medical support personnel for Indian astronauts, who will be part of India’s manned space mission by 2022.
  • Cyber: Both countries adopted a cybersecurity and digital technology roadmap aimed at expanding Indo-French bilateral cooperation, particularly in the strategic sectors of high-performance computing and Artificial Intelligence, with the target of bringing start-up ecosystems closer to each other.
  • Maritime: France and India reviewed the swift implementation of the conclusions of the Joint Strategic Vision of India-France Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region, adopted during Macron’s visit in March 2018.
  • For implementation of the White Shipping agreement, India and France agreed on the appointment of a French liaison officer at the Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) in Gurgaon.
  • Economic engagement:Both countries decided to jointly strengthen work on solving trade and investment “issues of concern” for French and Indian companies. Leaders jointly agreed that the high-level France-India economic and financial dialogue should be reactivated.
  • Afghanistan:Both countries decided to cooperate actively for international peace and security, including in the regional crises threatening them.

They supported an inclusive peace and reconciliation process in Afghanistan which is Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-controlled, leading to a lasting political solution based on preservation of the gains, including the constitutional order, human rights, particularly women’s rights, and liberties gained over the past 18 years.

They called for timely holding of Presidential elections; cessation of terrorist violence; and end to terrorist safe havens for enduring and sustainable peace, security and stability in Afghanistan.

Jaitapur project- some facts:

  • It is a proposed 9900 MW power project of Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) at Madban village of Ratnagiri district in Maharashtra. If built, it would be the largest nuclear power generating station in the world by net electrical power rating.
  • Reactor type: European Pressurized Reactor/Evolutionary Power Reactor.
  • Reactor supplier: Areva, French state-controlled nuclear engineering firm.
  • In December 2010 an agreement was signed for the construction of first set of two third-generation European Pressurized Reactors and the supply of nuclear fuel for 25 years in the presence of French president Nicolas Sarkozy and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
  • Since Jaitapur being seismically sensitive area, the danger of an earthquake has been foremost on the minds of people. According to the Earthquake hazard zoning of India, Jaitapur comes under Zone III. This zone is called the moderate Risk Zone. Hence, citizens of the area are questioning about safety.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/india-france-sign-two-agreements-for-renewable-energy-innovations-in-country/

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-france-condemn-terror-back-afghan-peace-process-narendra-modi-emmanuel-macron-5932284/

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