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India and Africa - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
India and Africa


What’s in news?

India and 50 African countries adopted the ‘Lucknow Declaration’ at first India – Africa Defence Minister’s Conclave.


  • India and African nations had previously adopted declarations during the India-Africa Forum Summit in New Delhi in April 2008, India-Africa Forum Summit-II in Addis Ababa in May 2011 and the Third India-Africa Forum Summit, held in Delhi in October 2015 and the India-Africa Framework for Strategic Cooperation.
  • All these declarations had worked to strengthen the multi-faceted partnership between India and Africa.

Key data’s:

  • The conclave was held on the side-lines of the 11th edition of the biennial defence exhibition, DEFEXPO India 2020.
  • The ‘Lucknow Declaration’ was adopted in the presence of Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and his counterparts from 12 African nations and heads of delegations from 38 other African countries.
  • Overall, 50 African nations signed the declaration along with India at the conclave, which was organized for the very first time.

Peace and Security:

  • All the signatories committed to continue their collaboration in the fields of peace and security including conflict prevention, resolution, management and peacebuilding.
  • It also aims to enhance the role of women in peacekeeping.

Maritime Security:

  • To exchange expertise and trainers, strengthening regional and continental early warning capacities and mechanisms.


  • Terrorism is a major threat in the region and thus aims to take resolute action in rooting out terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, eliminating financing channels and halting cross-border movement of terrorists.
  • It also urges the international community to envisage the adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

Importance of Indo-Pacific:

  • To encourage enhanced cooperation between India and Africa on the evolving concept of Indo-Pacific.

India’s SAGAR:

  • It also welcomes the African Unions’ vision for peace and security in Africa that coincides with India’s vision of SAGAR (Security and Growth for all in the Region).
  • SAGAR is an articulation of India’s vision for the Indian Ocean.
  • SAGAR has elements such as enhancement of capacities to safeguard land and maritime territories & interests; deepening economic and security cooperation in the littoral; action to deal with natural disasters and maritime threats like piracy, terrorism.

Compliance at UNSC:

  • To strengthen the UN Counter-Terrorism mechanisms and to ensure strict compliance with the UN Security Council sanctions regime on terrorism.

Origin and Status of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT):

  • India has pushed for an intergovernmental convention to enhance prosecution and extradition of terrorists since 1996.
  • Although consensus eludes towards the adoption of the terrorism convention, discussions have yielded three separate protocols that aim to tackle terrorism:
  • International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings, adopted on 15 December 1997;
  • International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, adopted on 9 December 1999;
  • International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, adopted on 13 April 2005.

Links to note:

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