NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
What’s in news?
- NHRC would consider a review petition seeking to reopen its suo motu proceedings into the police firing incident in Thoothukudi on May 22, 2018.
- NHRC sought a status report from the Tamil Nadu government on the steps being taken to ensure sanitation facilities for garment and textile industries across the State.
- NHRC agreed to consider a review petition seeking to reopen the Sterlite case in which at least 13 people were gunned down in Thoothukudi.
- This is the first time in 25 years that the NHRC has taken suo motu cognizance of the case.
Concepts to know:
Suo Motu cognizance:
- Suo motu – The word which is derived from Latin which gives the meaning “on its own motion”.
- In simple terms, it is a power to take an action taken by an authority (Court or Tribunal) on its own will without any complaint or petition.
- Suo moto means self-decision.
- It is a special power of High Courts and the Supreme court of India to initiate a hearing by itself without anybody filing any appeal or writ petition or PIL.
- In India it has been warranted under Article 32 & Article 226 of the constitution.
- These articles give provisions for filing Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in India in Supreme Court and High Courts respectively.
- The Indian courts have taken suo-motu cognizance in instances like Contempt of court, Reopen old cases, Order probe for a new case.
National Human Rights Commission:
- Established on 1993 under Protection of Human Rights Ordinance.
- It’s an autonomous body and a statutory body.
- Appointed by The President of India on the recommendation of committee.
- Removed by The President of India, only on the charge of proved misbehaviour or incapacity or both, if it is proved by an inquiry conducted by a judge of the Supreme Court.
- Tenure: 5 years or reaches the age of 70 years.
Members of NHRC:
- A Chairperson – retired Chief Justice of India.
- One Member – A Judge of the Supreme Court of India.
- One Member – The Chief Justice of a High Court.
- Two Members – Among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights.
- Ex-officio members – The Chairpersons of four National Commissions (1. Minorities 2.SC and ST 3. Women).
What are Human Rights?
- As per UN definition these rights are inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status.
- Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more.
- These are entitled to everyone, without any discrimination.
Links to note: