National Human Rights Commission
NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
What’s in news?
Congress approached NHRC and demanded action against UP police officials.
- The delegation, led by senior Congress leaders Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, met top NHRC officials demanding action against alleged police atrocities on anti-CAA protesters in Uttar Pradesh.
- With the 31-page representation report as an evidence of the atrocities, includes videos and photographs.
- They claimed that victims have been made accused in case-related FIRs and no police officer has been named.
About National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):
- Established year: The organization was established in 1993 through the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance, 1993.
- Type of the body: This is an autonomous body and later given the statutory status through the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA).
- Responsibility: They are responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights and its related activities in India.
- Composition: A multi member body consists of a Chairman and seven other members. Among the seven members, three were ex-officio members.
- Appointment: Based on the recommendation of high-powered committee headed by Prime Minister, President appoints the Chairman and members.
- High-powered committee: The committee comprises of the following members;
- The Prime Minister(Chairperson)
- The Home Minister
- The Leader of the Oppositionin the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
- The Leader of the Oppositionin the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
- The Speakerof the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
- The Deputy Chairmanof the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
- Tenure: The tenure for the chairman and members were 5 years or up to the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier.
- Special divisions: The following are the 5 special divisions;
- Law Division
- Investigation Division
- Policy Research & Programmes Division
- Training Division
- Administration Division
Functions and powers of NHRC:
The following are the few main functions of the commission;
- Can investigates grievances regarding the violation of human rights either suo moto or after receiving a petition.
- Has the power to interfere in any judicial proceedings involving any allegation of violation of human rights.
- Can visit any jail or any other institution under the control of the State Government to see the living conditions of the inmates and to make recommendations thereon.
- Can review the safeguards provided under the constitution or any law for the protection of the human rights.
- Have to work towards the spreading and creation of awareness about the human rights literacy among various sections of society.
- Has the powers of a civil court and can grant interim relief.
- Has the authority to recommend payment of compensation or damages.
Data to know:
- December 10 – International Human Rights Day – on this date, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris.
Links to note: