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Human Rights commission - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Human Rights commission


What’s in news?

Congress approached NHRC and demanded action against UP police officials.

Key data’s:

  • The delegation, led by senior Congress leaders Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, met top NHRC officials demanding action against alleged police atrocities on anti-CAA protesters in Uttar Pradesh.
  • With the 31-page representation report as an evidence of the atrocities, includes videos and photographs.
  • They claimed that victims have been made accused in case-related FIRs and no police officer has been named.

About National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):

  • Established year: The organization was established in 1993 through the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance, 1993.
  • Type of the body: This is an autonomous body and later given the statutory status through the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA).
  • Responsibility: They are responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights and its related activities in India.
  • Composition: A multi member body consists of a Chairman and seven other members. Among the seven members, three were ex-officio members.
  • Appointment: Based on the recommendation of high-powered committee headed by Prime Minister, President appoints the Chairman and members.
  • High-powered committee: The committee comprises of the following members;
    • The Prime Minister(Chairperson)
    • The Home Minister
    • The Leader of the Oppositionin the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
    • The Leader of the Oppositionin the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
    • The Speakerof the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
    • The Deputy Chairmanof the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
  • Tenure: The tenure for the chairman and members were 5 years or up to the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier.
  • Special divisions: The following are the 5 special divisions;
    • Law Division
    • Investigation Division
    • Policy Research & Programmes Division
    • Training Division
    • Administration Division

Functions and powers of NHRC:

The following are the few main functions of the commission;

  • Can investigates grievances regarding the violation of human rights either suo moto or after receiving a petition.
  • Has the power to interfere in any judicial proceedings involving any allegation of violation of human rights.
  • Can visit any jail or any other institution under the control of the State Government to see the living conditions of the inmates and to make recommendations thereon.
  • Can review the safeguards provided under the constitution or any law for the protection of the human rights.
  • Have to work towards the spreading and creation of awareness about the human rights literacy among various sections of society.
  • Has the powers of a civil court and can grant interim relief.
  • Has the authority to recommend payment of compensation or damages.

Data to know:

  • December 10 – International Human Rights Day – on this date, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris.

Links to note:

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