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national monuments

NATIONAL MONUMENT AUTHORITY

What’s in news?

National Monuments Authority (NMA) member secretary Navneet Soni said, the heritage by-laws, drafted in accordance with the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010, for Purana Qila and the Khair-ul-Manazil mosque, will be out in the public domain “within a week”.

Key data’s:

  • For the regulated areas, the NMA is drafting heritage by-laws for each monument or group of monuments that will determine the nature of new construction activity.
  • The drafted by-laws would be aimed at ensuring new constructions are “in harmony” with the protected monuments.
  • With several government colonies like Bapa Nagar and Kaka Nagar in the vicinity of Purana Qila and Khair-ul-Manazil mosque, the proposed by-laws will lay down restrictions on the height of new constructions, among other features.
  • After these two monuments in Delhi, the NMA will be working towards finalising by-laws for several monuments in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, for which drafts have been received from regional officials.
  • The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (AMASR) 2010, the NMA has been tasked with coming up with heritage by-laws for protected monuments in the country.

National Monument Authority (NMA):

  • The main intention to constitute this authority was to stop the rampant encroachment and construction around the monuments and other sites of archaeological importance.
  • National Monuments Authority (NMA) under the Act will be the highest body to oversee functions under the Act, particularly consideration of NOC applications for construction or repair and renovation in prohibited and regulated areas.
  • This was established in 2010, based on The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010 (AMASR Act, 2010).
  • This authority functioned under Union Ministry of Culture.
  • Composition: 
    • Chairperson: Full time – Appointed by the President having proven experience and expertise in the fields of archaeology, country and town planning, architecture, heritage, conservation-architecture or law;
    • Up to 5 Whole Time and 5 Part Time Members each and a Member Secretary.
    • Director-General of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is an ex officio Member.
  • It headquarted at New Delhi.

Powers & Functions:

The Power and functions of NMA as mandated in the amended Act are as under:-

  1. Make recommendations to the Central Government for grading and classifying protected monuments and protected areas declared as of national importance under sections 3 and 4, before the commencement of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010;
  2. Make recommendations to the Central Government for grading and classifying protected monuments and protected areas which may be declared after the commencement of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010, as of national importance under section 4;
  3. Oversee the working of  the competent authorities;
  4. To suggest measures for implementation of the provisions of this Act;
  5. To consider the impact of large-scale developmental projects, including public projects and projects essential to the public which may be proposed in the regulated areas and make recommendations in respect thereof to the competent authority;
  6. To make recommendations to the competent authority for grant of permission.
  • Prohibited Area: Only the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) can carry out repairs in the 100 metre-span from a protected area.
  • Regulated Area: The area starting from 100 metres from such a monument till 300 metres away.

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/world-heritage-day/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/soon-heritage-by-laws-for-purana-qila-khair-ul-manazil/article26901561.ece

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=106647

https://www.gktoday.in/gk/ancient-monuments-and-archaeological-sites-and-remains-amendment-and-validation-act-2010/

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