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Hepatitis day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Hepatitis day

WORLD HEPATITIS DAY

What’s in news?

28th of July is being observed as World Hepatitis Day annually.

Key data’s:

  • World Hepatitis Day is observed annually on 28 July to raise awareness about the disease which causes inflammation of the liver and claims around 1.4 million lives every year.
  • To initiate a global awareness campaign meant to completely eradicate Hepatitis from the world, WHO started observing ‘World Hepatitis Day’.
  • July 28 was chosen because it is the birthday of Nobel-prize winning scientist Dr Baruch Blumberg, who discovered the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and developed a diagnostic test and vaccine for it. 
  • Since 2010, World Hepatitis Day has been celebrated every year with a new theme.
  • Theme 2019: Invest in eliminating hepatitis.
  • The current theme was with the motive of the campaign will be to achieve global elimination of the disease by 2030
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), after tuberculosis, the second major killer infectious disease is Hepatitis. Over 80 percent of people living with Hepatitis still lack prevention, testing, and treatment services.
  • The host country for World Hepatitis Day 2019 is Pakistan. The global events related to the day will be held in Islamabad on 27-28 July.

Hepatitis:

  • It is an inflammatory condition of the liver, which is caused by a viral infection and also use of drugs, toxins, alcohol and certain medications.
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis is also common, which occurs when the body makes antibodies against liver tissue. People with diabetes are also susceptible to NAFLD (NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE).

Types of Hepatitis: 

  • Hepatitis is of five types namely Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
  • Among these, Hepatitis A, B, and C are the most common.

Hepatitis in India:

According to WHO, in India,

  • Globally, an estimated 290 million men, women and children are currently living with viral hepatitis unknowingly. The number will be increased to 76 million by 2030, if preventive steps has not taken.
  • Hepatitis B affected around 40 million people and Hepatitis C around 6-12 million people in 2017.
  • 325 million people are living with viral hepatitis B and C.
  • In 2017, people those who became newly infected are 2,850,000.
  • 80% of people living with hepatitis lack prevention, testing and treatment.

Symptoms:

The various symptoms which include are;

Muscle and joint pain, a high temperature, feeling and being sick, feeling, unusually tired all the time, a general sense of feeling unwell, loss of, appetite, tummy pain, dark urine, pale, grey-coloured poo, itchy skin, yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice).

 

Links to note:

https://www.firstpost.com/india/world-hepatitis-day-2019-history-significance-this-years-theme-and-objectives-of-global-awareness-campaign-against-deadly-disease-7068521.html

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/hepatitis-a-b-c-d-e-what-is-it-symptoms-treatment-explained-a9023466.html

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/national-viral-hepatitis-control-programme-launched-in-new-delhi-on-world-hepatitis-day/

 

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