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Hantavirus disease- Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Hantavirus disease

CHINA RECORDS THE FIRST DEATH BY HANTAVIRUS

What’s in news?

China’s English daily Global Times has reported the death of a person from Yunnan Province who tested positive for the Hantavirus.

Key data’s:

  • To humans: The Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread mainly by rodents. A person can get infected if he/she comes in contact with a rodent that carries the virus.
  • First record: The Hantavirus is not novel and its first case dates back to 1993.
  • Region: Cases of the Hantavirus in humans occur mostly in rural areas where forests, fields and farms offer suitable habitat for infected rodents.
  • Result: The infection with any of the Hantavirus can cause Hantavirus disease in people.
  • Hantaviruses in the Americas are known as “New World” Hantaviruses and may cause Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Other Hantaviruses, known as “Old World” Hantaviruses, are found mostly in Europe and Asia and may cause haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). 
  • Human to human transmission: Since there is no reports were recorded, it remains unclear whether human-to-human transmission of the virus is possible.
  • Andes virus: A type of Hanta Virus, recorded in Chile and Argentina, where the patient was in close contact with the infected rodents.
  • Even healthy individuals are at risk for Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) infection if exposed to the virus.
  • Incubation time: Due to the small number of HPS cases, the “incubation time” is not positively known but it assumed that, the symptoms may occur between 1 and 8 weeks after exposure to fresh urine, droppings, or saliva of infected rodents.
  • Symptoms: The symptoms were classified as Early and Late symptoms.
    • Early Symptoms: dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, fatigue, fever and muscle aches in hips, thighs, back, shoulders
    • Late symptoms: coughing and shortness of breath – occurs after a week.

Data to know:

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS):

  • HPS is a severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with Hantaviruses.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/coronavirus/

https://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/hps/index.html

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/what-is-hantavirus-explained-china-6330760/

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