FOUR GOVERNORS APPOINTED
What’s in news?
The government recently appointed new governors in four states.
Who are they?
- Anandiben Patel – Appointed as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She was formerly worked in Madhya Pradesh.
- Lalji Tandon – Veteran BJP leader and Bihar Governor, replaces Anandiben Patel in Madhya Pradesh.
- Ramesh Bais – Appointed as the Governor of Tripura.
- N Ravi – Appointed as the Governor of Nagaland. He served as a Special Director (Retd.), Intelligence Bureau. He belongs to the 1976-batch IPS officer has worked closely with National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and broadly worked on a treaty with dominant Naga group NSCN-IM to reach an agreement with the government.
Governors and their appointment:
Who is a Governor?
- Article 153 of the Constitution of India requires a governor to be appointed for every state in India.
- Like the President is for the Union, the governor is the chief executive head of a state. Governor is neither directly elected by people nor, like the president, elected by a specially constituted electoral college.
- Governor is directly appointed by the president, or in other words, he is a nominee of the central government.
- The general tenure of office is five years. But he or she is allowed to hold office at the pleasure of the President wishes.
- So, a Governor can be removed any time when the President wishes to. The post of governor is not an employment under the central government, it is a constitutional post.
- 35 or above years of age
- Citizen of India
- He can’t be a Member of Parliament or state legislatures. The day he is appointed in as governor he is deemed to have vacated his seat in legislatures.
- He is immune from legal liability regarding official acts. He has immunity from criminal proceeding even for personal acts.
- Civil proceedings regarding personal acts can be started against him after two months’ notice.
- Constitution allows governor discretion in his official functions. Also the advice of the chief minister and the council of ministers isn’t binding on the governor.
- Whenever there is a doubt on if the activity is at his discretion or not the decision is made by the governor and is final. Also whether he has or hasn’t discretion on a matter can’t be challenged in courts.
Powers of the Governor:
Powers of the governor as provided under the Constitution of India are as follows:
- Executive powers: Article 154 of the Constitution provides that the executive power of state is vested on the Governor.
- Legislative powers
- Financial power
- Judicial powers
- Situational discretion
- Constitutional discretion