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GLOBAL SANITATION CONVENTION – Shanmugam IAS Academy
GLOBAL SANITAQTION CONVENTION

GLOBAL SANITATION CONVENTION

Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation will organize a global sanitation convention to mark the beginning of the 150th birth anniversary celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi, also coinciding with the fourth anniversary of the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission.

Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention (MGISC) will be a 4-day international conference that will bring together Sanitation Ministers and other leaders in WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) from around the world.

The Convention will culminate on 2nd October, Gandhi Jayanti, which is also celebrated as the Swachh Bharat Diwas. Several mass mobilization events and campaigns are being planned across the States in the run-up to this Day.

India aims to eliminate open defecation by October 2nd, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who held sanitation very close to his heart.

Rural sanitation coverage has made ground-breaking progress, from 39% in October 2014, at the start of SBM, to over 92% today, with behavior change being the key focus of implementation.

The success of the Swachh Bharat Mission will undoubtedly have a significant impact on the global achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 6.2),

i.e. to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all. Simultaneously, coordinated efforts are in place to improve sanitation levels in all sectors and all public places.

The global Convention will be aimed at sharing sanitation success stories and lessons across all participating countries.

The deadline for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6.2 [regarding sanitation, hygiene and open defecation] is 2030.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS:

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (or Global Goals for Sustainable Development) are a collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations Development Programme.

 The goals are broad and interdependent, yet each has a separate list of targets to achieve. Achieving all 169 targets would signal accomplishing all 17 goals.

The SDGs cover social and economic development issues including poverty, hunger, health, education, global warming, gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, urbanization, environment and social justice.

The 17 goals are

Goal 1: No Poverty

Goal 2: Zero Hunger

Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being for People

Goal 4: Quality Education

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy

Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

Goal 10: Reducing Inequalities

Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Goal 13: Climate Action

Goal 14: Life Below Water

Goal 15: Life on Land

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Goal 17: Partnerships for the Goals

 

Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

  • The Sustainable Development Goal Number 6(SDG6) has eight targets and 11 indicators that will be used to monitor progress toward the targets. Most are to be achieved by the year 2030. One is targeted for 2020.
  • The first three targets relate to drinking water supply and sanitation. 
  • Safe drinking water and hygienic toilets protect people from disease and enable societies to be more productive economically.
  • Attending school and work without disruption is critical to successful education and successful employment.
  • Therefore, toilets in schools and work places are specifically mentioned as a target to measure. “Equitable sanitation” calls for addressing the specific needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations, such as the elderly or people with disabilities.
  • Water sources are better preserved if open defecation is ended and sustainable sanitation systems are implemented.
  • Ending open defecationwill require provision of toilets and sanitation for 2.6 billion people as well as behavior change of the users.  This will require cooperation between governments, civil society, and the private sector.
  • The main indicator for the sanitation target is the “Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand-washing facility with soap and water”.

However, as of 2017, two-thirds of countries lacked baseline estimates for SDG indicators on hand washing, safely managed drinking water, and sanitation services.

If we are to meet SDG targets for sanitation by 2030, nearly one-third of countries will need to accelerate progress to end open defecation including Brazil, China, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) has made it its mission to achieve SDG 6.

SuSanA’s position is that the SDGs are highly interdependent.

Therefore, the provision of clean water and sanitation for all is a precursor to achieving many of the other SDGs.


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