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Hunger

Global Report on Food Crises 2019

What’s in news?

A report called “Global Report on Food Crises 2019”, finds the number of persons facing acute hunger in the world in rising.

Key data’s:

  • The Global Report is produced annually by the “Global Network against Food Crises”, which is made up of International Humanitarian and development partners. This year’s report is being presented at “Food and agriculture in times of crises”, a two day high-level event that held at Brussels.
  • Acute food insecurity: It is explained as “when a person’s was not able to consume adequate food puts their lives or livelihoods in immediate danger”.
  • Chronic hunger: It is explained as “when a person was not able to consume enough food to maintain a normal, active lifestyle over an extended period”. Globally 821 million people on the planet are going hungry as per the findings of State of Food Security and Nutrition report’18.

Key findings of the report:

  • The study was conducted by The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Food Programme (WFP) and EU.
  • The study found more than 100 million people worldwide is facing acute hunger and number is rising. Around 113 million people in 53 countries experienced acute food insecurity in 2018, compared to 124 million in 2017. The figure of 113 million down slightly from the 124 million figure for 2017.
  • However, the number of people in the world facing food crises has remained well over 100 million in the last three years, and the number of countries affected has risen.
  • From 2014 to 2020, the EU will have provided nearly 9 billion Euros for initiatives on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture in over 60 countries.
  • Moreover, an additional 143 million people in another 42 countries are just one step away from facing acute hunger.
  • Only 8 countries like Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria and Yemen facing Two-thirds of total numbers facing acute hunger. In 17 countries, acute hunger either remained the same or increased. Climate and natural disasters pushed another 29 million people into acute food insecurity in 2018. This is because of the wars, climate change.
  • 13 countries including North Korea and Venezuela are not in the analysis because of data deficient.

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/upsc-world-food-programme/

https://reliefweb.int/report/world/global-report-food-crises-2019

http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-1913_en.htm

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