Global Hunger Index (GHI)
GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX – 2019
What’s in news?
India is ranked 102 of 117 countries in the recent Global Hunger Index (GHI) which is being behind its neighbouring countries.
- The report was prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organization Welt Hunger Hilfe.
- India has ranked 102nd among 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI).
- In the 100-point scale, 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 being the worst.
- 4 Indicators used in this Index – Undernourishment, Child Stunting, Child Wasting and Child Mortality.
- As per the report, India was placed in the “Serious” level of hunger. Along with India, there are 45 countries in this level which causes serious crisis. This number was higher than in 2010.
- The South Asia and African regions are higher in hunger level with a score at 29.3 and 28.4 respectively.
- Nepal and Bangladesh have made significant advances in child nutrition, and their experiences are instructive.
Ranking of other countries:
- Neighbouring countries: Pakistan – 94, Bangladesh – 88, Nepal – 73, Sri Lanka -66.
- BRICS countries: Brazil – 18, Russia – 22, China – 25 and South Africa – 60.
- North Korea – 92.
- China is in the low severity category, while Sri Lanka is within the moderate severity level.
In Indian scenario:
- Child Wasting Rate:
It is low weight for height and the rate were extremely high in India at 20.8 per cent. With this score, India was recorded as the highest wasting rate of any country.
- Child stunting rate:
- India was placed in the category of “very high” with a score of 37.9 per cent.
- Just 9.6 per cent of all children between 6 and 23 months of age are fed a minimum acceptable diet.
- Between the period 2015-2016, around 90 per cent of Indian households used an improved drinking water source and 39 per cent of households had no sanitation facilities.
- The country improved its performance on indicators such as the under-five mortality rate, prevalence of stunting among children and prevalence of undernourishment owing to inadequate food.
India’s previous rank:
- In 2018, India had ranked 55 among 77 nations listed in the GHI.
- In 2008, India was ranked 103 out of 119 countries.
- In 2000, the country was ranked 83 out of 113 countries.
Concerns for India:
- These findings point at a serious food crisis since wasting is “a strong predictor of mortality among children under five and is usually the result of acute significant food shortage and/or disease.
- India’s hunger indicators have a huge impact on the total indicators of the region owing to its large population.
- The data shows that India’s poor scores were pulling down South Asia to a point where it does worse than even sub-Saharan Africa.
Additional data to know:
October 2 Indian PM had announced that villages in India had become open defecation-free.
GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX:
- It measures and tracks hunger at regional, national and global levels.
- The GHI scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger such as insufficient caloric intake, child undernutrition, and child mortality using the four indicators – Undernourishment, Child Wasting, Child Stunting, Child Mortality.
- Aim: To raise awareness and understanding of the struggle against hunger, provide a way to compare levels of hunger between countries and regions, and call attention to those areas of the world where hunger levels are highest and where the need for additional efforts to eliminate hunger is greatest.
Links to note: