The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is an Autonomous Scientific Society of Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India.
After being denied a Cray supercomputer by the United States in 1987 due to a fear of it being used for military purposes, India started a programme to develop an indigenous supercomputer in collaboration with Russia.
Supercomputers were considered a double edged weapon capable of assisting in the development of nuclear weapons.
For the purpose of achieving self-sufficiency in the field, C-DAC was established by the Department of Electronics in 1988.
In 1990, a prototype was produced and was benchmarked at the 1990 Zurich Supercomputering Show (CONPAR 1990). It surpassed most other systems, placing second after US.
The final result of the effort was the PARAM 8000, which was installed in 1991. It is considered India’s first supercomputer.
C-DAC has today emerged as a premier R&D organization in IT&E (Information Technologies and Electronics) in the country working on strengthening national technological capabilities in the context of global developments in the field and responding to change in the market need in selected foundation areas.
In that process, C-DAC represents a unique facet working in close junction with MeitY to realize nation’s policy and pragmatic interventions and initiatives in Information Technology. As an institution for high-end Research and Development (R&D), C-DAC has been at the forefront of the Information Technology (IT) revolution.
Originally established to research and assemble High Performance Computers, the research of C-DAC now includes:
- High Performance Computers
- Grid Computing
- Speech and Natural Language Processing
- Information and Cyber Security
- Ubiquitous Computing
- Digital forensics